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The question is based on the text.     Borobudur is a Buddhist temple. It was built in the ninth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.     Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 meter high and consists of eight steps like stone terrace. The first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire upper structure is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and stairways.     The design of Borobudur symbolizes the conception of universe in Buddhist cosmology. It is believed that the universe is divided into three spiritual spheres, kamadhatu, rupadhatu, and arupadhatu. The first sphere, kamadhatu, represents respectively the sphere of desires where we are bound to our desires; the second sphere, rupadhatu, represents forms where we abandon our desires but are still bound to name and form; and the last sphere, arupadhatu, represents formlessness where there is no longer either name or form. Borobudur temple which was rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people. According to the text, which statement is INCORRECT?

Pertanyaan

The question is based on the text.


    Borobudur is a Buddhist temple. It was built in the ninth century under Sailendra dynasty of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.

    Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 meter high and consists of eight steps like stone terrace. The first five terraces are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Buddhist sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shape-stupa. The entire upper structure is crowned by a large stupa at the center of the top circle. The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and stairways.

    The design of Borobudur symbolizes the conception of universe in Buddhist cosmology. It is believed that the universe is divided into three spiritual spheres, kamadhatu, rupadhatu, and arupadhatu. The first sphere, kamadhatu, represents respectively the sphere of desires where we are bound to our desires; the second sphere, rupadhatu, represents forms where we abandon our desires but are still bound to name and form; and the last sphere, arupadhatu, represents formlessness where there is no longer either name or form. Borobudur temple which was rededicated as an Indonesian monument in 1983 is a valuable treasure for Indonesian people.


According to the text, which statement is INCORRECT? space space 

  1. Borobudur's middle tier consists of three upper circles of bells called stupa.space 

  2. Borobudur is constructed to reveal various level of terraces which entirely ornamented with bas-relief.space 

  3. The monument's three divisions emblematize the three realms of Buddhist cosmology.space 

  4. Borobudur is constructed with philosophical vertical division.space 

  5. People should take about 5 km of passage to reach the peak of Borobudur structure. space space 

W. RF

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

pernyataan yang tidak tepat adalah pilihan B.space space 

Pembahasan

Soal menanyakan pernyataan yang tidak tepat.

Pada paragraf kedua, dijelaskan bahwa candi Borobudur terdiri dari delapan anak tangga seperti teras berbatu. Lima teras pertama dihiasi dengan patung Buddha dengan relief dasar. Tingkatan selanjutnya tidak disebutkan memiliki relief dasar, melainkan tiga teras selanjutnya berbentuk seperti lingkaran bel dan teras paling atas terdiri dari stupa yang besar. Oleh karena itu, pernyataan B tidak tepat karena tidak seluruh teras (tingkatan) dihiasi dengan relief dasar.

Pernyataan A benar karena pada paragraf kedua kalimat kelima dan keenam disebutkan bahwa tiga teras selanjutnya berbentuk lingkaran bell yang disebut stupa. Tiga teras ini berada di tingkatan tengah karena tingkatan pertama terdiri dari lima teras yang dihiasi relief dasar dan tingkatan atas terdiri dari sebuah stupa yang besar.

Paragraf ketiga menjelaskan bahwa desain Borobudur melambangkan konsep alam semesta dalam kosmologi Buddha yang terdiri dari 3 ranah atau alam spiritual. Oleh karena itu pernyataan C (Tiga bagian monumen (candi Borobudur) melambangkan ranah kosmologi Buddha) benar.

Pernyataan D (Borobudur dibangun dengan pembagian vertikal filosofis.) benar karena 3 tingkatan (kamadhatu, rupadhatu, dan arupadhatu) candi Borobudur mengarah pada filosofi kosmologi Buddha, maka setiap tingkatan secara vertikal memiliki makna yang berbeda. 

Pernyataan E sesuai dengan kalimat terakhir paragraf kedua yang artinya "Jalan menuju puncak melewati sekitar 4,8 km jalan dan tangga.". Pada pernyataan E disebutkan bahwa orang-orang harus menempuh sekitar 5 km jalan. Informasi "sekitar 5 km" sesuai dengan informasi tersebut karena pembulatan 4,8 km adalah 5 km. Oleh karena itu, pernyataan E benar.

Jadi, pernyataan yang tidak tepat adalah pilihan B.space space 

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