Most bees are solitary species. Many build their nests in or on the ground, and therefore rely on key habitats being available and undisturbed. Some, like honeybees, are generalists, meaning that they forage on a range of flowers; others are specialists, meaning that they're dependent on particular plant species being present in their environment. Take the sunflower leafeutting bee, which collects pollen from sunflowers and builds nests out of leaves, using its mandibles (like giant teeth attached to the front of its head) to dig down into hard-packed soil and build a tunnel more than four times the length of its body. This bee was once common across the grasslands of north America but, since more than 90 per cent of these habitats have now been converted to agricultural use, it's been driven out of much of its native range. The rusty patched bumble bee, a brightly furred being that often forms its nests in the abandoned burrows of other species, has a similar story: following declines across 87 per cent of its historic habitat range, in North America it is now officially listed as an endangered species.
Read the paragraphs and write down the topics and main ideas.
Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Pakuan
Soal menanyakan gagasan utama dan topik wacana.
Topic berarti sebuah landasan atau pokok utama sesuatu yang menjadi sebuah pembicaraan atau tulisan. Sedangkan Main Idea adalaah sesuatu yang jika diuraikan menjadi sebuah pembicaraan atau tulisan yang padu. Terlihat hampir serupa akan tetapi perbedaanya, biasanya Main Idea memiliki sekala yang lebih spesifik dibandingkan Topic.
Jadi jawaban yang tepat untuk pertanyaan ini adalah:
Topic: Bees / Bees Habitat.
Main Idea: How the bees build its nest and how the habitat are decreasing due to agricultural business.
Dengan demikian, jawaban yang benar adalah sebagaimana yang dijelaskan di atas.
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