Roboguru

Diketahui vektor , , dan . Tentukan e.

Diketahui vektor begin mathsize 14px style a with rightwards arrow on top equals 2 i with hat on top plus 3 j with hat on top end stylebegin mathsize 14px style b with rightwards arrow on top equals i with hat on top minus 4 j with hat on top end style, dan begin mathsize 14px style c with rightwards arrow on top equals 4 j with hat on top end style. Tentukan

e. begin mathsize 14px style 2 over 3 a with rightwards arrow on top plus 1 half b with rightwards arrow on top end style 

  1. ...space 

  2. ...space 

Jawaban:

Ingat rumus perkalian skalar dengan vektor dan penjumlahan vektor adalah sebagai berikut.

begin mathsize 14px style table attributes columnalign right center left columnspacing 0px end attributes row cell k a with rightwards arrow on top end cell equals cell k open parentheses table row cell a subscript 1 end cell row cell a subscript 2 end cell end table close parentheses equals open parentheses table row cell k a subscript 1 end cell row cell k a subscript 2 end cell end table close parentheses end cell row cell a with rightwards arrow on top plus b with rightwards arrow on top end cell equals cell open parentheses table row cell a subscript 1 end cell row cell a subscript 2 end cell end table close parentheses plus open parentheses table row cell b subscript 1 end cell row cell b subscript 2 end cell end table close parentheses equals open parentheses table row cell a subscript 1 plus b subscript 1 end cell row cell a subscript 2 plus b subscript 2 end cell end table close parentheses end cell end table end style 

Dari soal di atas, diketahui undefined dan begin mathsize 14px style b with rightwards arrow on top end style sebagai berikut.

begin mathsize 14px style a with rightwards arrow on top equals 2 i with hat on top plus 3 j with hat on top equals open parentheses table row 2 row 3 end table close parentheses b with rightwards arrow on top equals i with hat on top minus 4 j with hat on top equals open parentheses table row 1 row cell negative 4 end cell end table close parentheses end style 

Dengan menggunakan rumus perkalian skalar dengan vektor dan rumus penjumlahan vektor di atas, maka diperoleh perhitungan sebagai berikut.

begin mathsize 14px style table attributes columnalign right center left columnspacing 0px end attributes row cell 2 over 3 a with rightwards arrow on top plus 1 half b with rightwards arrow on top end cell equals cell 2 over 3 open parentheses table row 2 row 3 end table close parentheses plus 1 half open parentheses table row 1 row cell negative 4 end cell end table close parentheses end cell row blank equals cell open parentheses table row cell 4 over 3 end cell row 2 end table close parentheses plus open parentheses table row cell 1 half end cell row cell negative 2 end cell end table close parentheses end cell row blank equals cell open parentheses table row cell 4 over 3 plus 1 half end cell row 0 end table close parentheses end cell row blank equals cell open parentheses table row cell 11 over 6 end cell row 0 end table close parentheses end cell row blank equals cell 11 over 6 i with hat on top end cell end table end style

Dengan demikian nilai dari begin mathsize 14px style 2 over 3 a with rightwards arrow on top plus 1 half b with rightwards arrow on top end style adalah begin mathsize 14px style 11 over 6 i with hat on top end style.

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