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Climates change is changing our economy, health, and communities in diverse ways. Scientist warn that if we do not aggressively curb climate change now, the result will likely be disastrous. Carbon dioxide and other global warming pollutants are collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun’s heat and causing the planet to warm up. Althoughlocal temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperatures has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. Scientist say that unless we curb the emissions that cause climate change, average U.S. temperatures could be 3 to 9 degrees higher by the end of the century. Climate change is a complexphenomenon, and its full-scale impacts are to predict far in advance.But each year scientists learn more about how climate change is affecting the planet and our communities, and most agree that certain consequences are likely to occur if current trends continue. In addition to impacting our water resources, energy supply, transportation, agriculture, and ecosystems, the United States Global Change Research Program concludes that climate change also poses unique challenges to human health, for example, significant increases in the risk of illness and death related to extreme heat and heat waves are very likely. Some diseases transmitted by food, water, and insects are likely to increase. Certain group, including children, the elderly, and the poor, are most vulnerable to a range of climate-related health effects. These impacts will result in significant costs to our families and the economy. Here is the good news: technologies exist today to make cars that run cleaner and burn less gas, modernize power plants and generate electricity from nonpolluting sources, and cut our electricity use through energy efficiency. The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use. Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is tackling global warming on two main fronts – cutting pollution and expanding clean energy. Transitioning to clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We cannot afford to wait. (Diadaptasi dari http://group.axa.con/en/newsroom/news/global-warming) Which of the following obviously shows the author's bias?

               

Climates change is changing our economy, health, and communities in diverse ways. Scientist warn that if we do not aggressively curb climate change now, the result will likely be disastrous.

                Carbon dioxide and other global warming pollutants are collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun’s heat and causing the planet to warm up.

                Although local temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperatures has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. Scientist say that unless we curb the emissions that cause climate change, average U.S. temperatures could be 3 to 9 degrees higher by the end of the century.

                Climate change is a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impacts are to predict far in advance. But each year scientists learn more about how climate change is affecting the planet and our communities, and most agree that certain consequences are likely to occur if current trends continue.

                In addition to impacting our water resources, energy supply, transportation, agriculture, and ecosystems, the United States Global Change Research Program concludes that climate change also poses unique challenges to human health, for example, significant increases in the risk of illness and death related to extreme heat and heat waves are very likely. Some diseases transmitted by food, water, and insects are likely to increase. Certain group, including children, the elderly, and the poor, are most vulnerable to a range of climate-related health effects. These impacts will result in significant costs to our families and the economy.

                Here is the good news: technologies exist today to make cars that run cleaner and burn less gas, modernize power plants and generate electricity from nonpolluting sources, and cut our electricity use through energy efficiency. The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use.

                Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is tackling global warming on two main fronts – cutting pollution and expanding clean energy. Transitioning to clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We cannot afford to wait.

(Diadaptasi dari http://group.axa.con/en/newsroom/news/global-warming)

Which of the following obviously shows the author's bias? 

  1. Climate change is changing our economy, healt, and communities in diverse ways. 

  2. Climate change is a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impact are hard to predict far in advance. 

  3. Significant increases in the risk of illness and death related to extreme heat and heat waves heat waves are very likey

  4. The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use. 

  5. Transitioning to a clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We cannot afford to wait. 

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A. Mufida

Master Teacher

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Pembahasan

Perlu diketahui bahwa ‘bias’ adalah prasangka yang mendukung atau menentang satu hal, orang, atau kelompok dibandingkan dengan yang lain, oleh karena itu pilihan jawaban yang menunjukkan opini penulis adalah pilihan jawaban (E) yaitu ‘Transitioning to a clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We cannot afford to wait.’ atau ‘Transisi ke ekonomi energi bersih akan membawa pekerjaan baru dan mengurangi polusi udara. Kami tidak bisa menunggu.’ Hal tersebut dikarenakan penggunaan kata ‘we’ atau ‘kami’ yang mengacu kepada penulis dan pembaca yang menegaskan bahwa kalimat tersebut merupakan opini.

Perlu diketahui bahwa ‘bias’ adalah prasangka yang mendukung atau menentang satu hal, orang, atau kelompok dibandingkan dengan yang lain, oleh karena itu pilihan jawaban yang menunjukkan opini penulis adalah pilihan jawaban (E) yaitu ‘Transitioning to a clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We cannot afford to wait.’ atau ‘Transisi ke ekonomi energi bersih akan membawa pekerjaan baru dan mengurangi polusi udara. Kami tidak bisa menunggu.’ Hal tersebut dikarenakan penggunaan kata ‘we’ atau ‘kami’ yang mengacu kepada penulis dan pembaca yang menegaskan bahwa kalimat tersebut merupakan opini.

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