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The MV Akademik Shokalskiy, a "highly ice-strengthened" Russiantour ship built in Finland in 1984 "for polar and oceanographic research," is stranded in Antarctica's summer iCElwilh 74 passengers and crew members aboard. 7he group, which includes two Guardian journalists, is retracing the harrowing 1911 Antarctic expedition led by Sir Douglas Mawson, who lost many of his team members and nearly died himself on the frigid continent a century ago, The ship's passengers include an Australian research team led by University of New South Wales Professor Chris Turney, who said in November that the voluminous data collected by Mawson 100 years ago is critical to understanding global warming. But Turney reported that blizzard-like conditions and thick ocean ice are preventing the latest expedition from leaving. "Unfortunately proceeding north we found our patl1 blocked by ice 10 pushed in by an increasingly strong southeasterly wind, On Christmas Eve we realized we could not get through, in spite of being just 2 nautical miles from open water, ,. Turney reported in his blog. . "According to reports nobody is in present danger and three nearby icebreakers are being sent to assist", said Expeditionsonline.com, which books polar expeditions. The ship is "stuck part-way through her Australasian Antarctic Expedition towards Mawson's Hut at Cape Denison," located about 100 nautical miles east of Dumont 15 D'Urville, a  French base on Antarctica, and 1,500 nautical miles south of Hobart in Tasmania. Three icebreakers-China's Xue Long, Australia's Aurora Australis, and France's L'Astrolabe-have been dispatched to the  scene, according to the Australian Maritime' Safety Authority (AMSA), which is coordinating the international rescue after the Falmouth Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre in the United Kingdom received a satellite distress call Christmas morning. However, it will take the icebreakers at least two days to get to the 20 stranded ship, which "is experiencing very strong winds and limited Visibility." The closest rescue ship is not . expected to get to the scene until sometime Friday night "While it is early winter in the Arctic, it is early summer in the Antarctic. Continuing patterns seen in recent years, Antarctic sea ice extent remains unusually high, near or above previous daily maximum values," according to the Notional Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). (Taken from http://cnsnews.com/news/article/barbara-holingsworth/ship-retracing-1911-antardic-expeditionstranded- sQuth-poles#sthashIGAMDhzN.dpuf. Accessed February 20,2014). It is implied in the second paragraph that ...

Pertanyaan

The MV Akademik Shokalskiy, a "highly ice-strengthened" Russiantour ship built in Finland in 1984 "for polar and oceanographic research," is stranded in Antarctica's summer iCElwilh 74 passengers and crew members aboard. 7he group, which includes two Guardian journalists, is retracing the harrowing 1911 Antarctic expedition led by Sir Douglas Mawson, who lost many of his team members and nearly died himself on the frigid continent a century ago,


The ship's passengers include an Australian research team led by University of New South Wales Professor Chris Turney, who said in November that the voluminous data collected by Mawson 100 years ago is critical to understanding global warming. But Turney reported that blizzard-like conditions and thick ocean ice are preventing the latest expedition from leaving. "Unfortunately proceeding north we found our patl1 blocked by ice 10 pushed in by an increasingly strong southeasterly wind, On Christmas Eve we realized we could not get through, in spite of being just 2 nautical miles from open water, ,. Turney reported in his blog. .

"According to reports nobody is in present danger and three nearby icebreakers are being sent to assist", said Expeditionsonline.com, which books polar expeditions. The ship is "stuck part-way through her Australasian Antarctic Expedition towards Mawson's Hut at Cape Denison," located about 100 nautical miles east of Dumont 15 D'Urville, a  French base on Antarctica, and 1,500 nautical miles south of Hobart in Tasmania.

Three icebreakers-China's Xue Long, Australia's Aurora Australis, and France's L'Astrolabe-have been dispatched to the  scene, according to the Australian Maritime' Safety Authority (AMSA), which is coordinating the international rescue after the Falmouth Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre in the United Kingdom received a satellite distress call Christmas morning. However, it will take the icebreakers at least two days to get to the 20 stranded ship, which "is experiencing very strong winds and limited Visibility." The closest rescue ship is not . expected to get to the scene until sometime Friday night

"While it is early winter in the Arctic, it is early summer in the Antarctic. Continuing patterns seen in recent years, Antarctic sea ice extent remains unusually high, near or above previous daily maximum values," according to the Notional Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC).


(Taken from http://cnsnews.com/news/article/barbara-holingsworth/ship-retracing-1911-antardic-expeditionstranded-
sQuth-poles#sthashIGAMDhzN.dpuf. Accessed February 20,2014).

It is implied in the second paragraph that ...

 

  1. Sir Douglas Mawson finally died when he was collecting the date which are believed  to be very relevant to today's global warming

  2. the MV Akademik Shokalskiy was notable to leave the South Pole ocean at due time in November

  3. Sir Douglas Mawson failed to collect enough data which are importanr for polar and oceanography research

  4. the MV Akademik Shokalskiy got stranded in Antarctic's summer ice sometime on the 24 of Desember

  5. the crew and all the passangers of the MV Academic Shokalskiy were not able to celebrate Christmas

N. Supriyaningsih

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Pembahasan

Secara tersirat, dapat diketahui dari paragraf kedua bahwa para kru dan semua penumpang kapal MV Akademik Shokalskiy tidak dapat merayakan hari raya Natal. Ini dapat diketahui pada baris 10 bahwa mereka baru menyadari tidak bisa menembus es yang menghalangi perjalanan mereka pada malam Natal, dan dijelaskan pada paragraf keempat bahwa setidaknya kapal penyelamat baru dapat mencapai mereka minimal dua hari, artinya mereka tidak dapat merayakan hari Natal, maka jawaban E yang tepat. Jawaban lain tidak tepat karena A seharusnya Sir Douglas Mawson tidak meninggal pada saat mengumpulkan data mengenai pemanasan global, B seharusnya Desember, bukan November, C seharusnya justru Sir Douglas Mawson berhasil mengumpulkan data penelitiannya, dan D seharusnya pada malam Natal (tanggal 24 Desember) mereka baru menyadari bahwa mereka tidak bisa menembus es menghalangi jalan mereka, karena pada baris 9-10 dijelaskan bahwa mereka mengetahui kapal mereka terhalang es dan terhempas angin tenggara yang kuat dan di sini tidak terdapat keterangan kapan kapal tersebut mulai terdamparnya.

 

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