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Climates change is changing our economy, health, and communities in diverse ways. Scientist warn that if we do not aggressively curb climate change now, the result will likely be disastrous. Carbon dioxide and other global warming pollutants are collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun’s heat and causing the planet to warm up. Althoughlocal temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperatures has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. Scientist say that unless we curb the emissions that cause climate change, average U.S. temperatures could be 3 to 9 degrees higher by the end of the century. Climate change is a complexphenomenon, and its full-scale impacts are to predict far in advance.But each year scientists learn more about how climate change is affecting the planet and our communities, and most agree that certain consequences are likely to occur if current trends continue. In addition to impacting our water resources, energy supply, transportation, agriculture, and ecosystems, the United States Global Change Research Program concludes that climate change also poses unique challenges to human health, for example, significant increases in the risk of illness and death related to extreme heat and heat waves are very likely. Some diseases transmitted by food, water, and insects are likely to increase. Certain group, including children, the elderly, and the poor, are most vulnerable to a range of climate-related health effects. These impacts will result in significant costs to our families and the economy. Here is the good news: technologies exist today to make cars that run cleaner and burn less gas, modernize power plants and generate electricity from nonpolluting sources, and cut our electricity use through energy efficiency. The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use. Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is tackling global warming on two main fronts – cutting pollution and expanding clean energy. Transitioning to clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We cannot afford to wait. (Diadaptasi dari http://group.axa.con/en/newsroom/news/global-warming) The sentence 'Climate change is a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impact are hard to predict far in advanced.' in line 8, is closest in meaning to ....

            

Climates change is changing our economy, health, and communities in diverse ways. Scientist warn that if we do not aggressively curb climate change now, the result will likely be disastrous.

                Carbon dioxide and other global warming pollutants are collecting in the atmosphere like a thickening blanket, trapping the sun’s heat and causing the planet to warm up.

                Although local temperatures fluctuate naturally, over the past 50 years the average global temperatures has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history. Scientist say that unless we curb the emissions that cause climate change, average U.S. temperatures could be 3 to 9 degrees higher by the end of the century.

                Climate change is a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impacts are to predict far in advance. But each year scientists learn more about how climate change is affecting the planet and our communities, and most agree that certain consequences are likely to occur if current trends continue.

                In addition to impacting our water resources, energy supply, transportation, agriculture, and ecosystems, the United States Global Change Research Program concludes that climate change also poses unique challenges to human health, for example, significant increases in the risk of illness and death related to extreme heat and heat waves are very likely. Some diseases transmitted by food, water, and insects are likely to increase. Certain group, including children, the elderly, and the poor, are most vulnerable to a range of climate-related health effects. These impacts will result in significant costs to our families and the economy.

                Here is the good news: technologies exist today to make cars that run cleaner and burn less gas, modernize power plants and generate electricity from nonpolluting sources, and cut our electricity use through energy efficiency. The challenge is to be sure these solutions are put to use.

                Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) is tackling global warming on two main fronts – cutting pollution and expanding clean energy. Transitioning to clean energy economy will bring new jobs and reduce air pollution. We cannot afford to wait.

(Diadaptasi dari http://group.axa.con/en/newsroom/news/global-warming)

The sentence  'Climate change is  a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impact are hard to predict far  in advanced.' in line 8, is closest in meaning to ....

  1. it is impossible to forecast the effects of climate change

  2. it is intricate to understand the nature of climate change 

  3. it is hard to understand the full-scale effect of climate change 

  4. it is complicated to predict climate  change due to its full-scale effect 

  5. it is difficult to precisely predict the effect of climate change due to its complex nature 

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A. Mufida

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Pembahasan

“Climate change is a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impact are hard to predict far in advance.”, artinya perubahan iklim adalah fenomena yang kompleks, dan dampak skala penuhnya sulit diprediksi jauh sebelumnya. Kalimat yang artinya sama dengan kalimat tersebutadalah (E) yaitu ‘it is difficult to precisely predict the effects of climate change due to its complex nature’ atau ‘sulit untuk secara tepat memprediksi dampak perubahan iklim karena sifatnya yang kompleks’.

“Climate change is a complex phenomenon, and its full-scale impact are hard to predict far in advance.”, artinya perubahan iklim adalah fenomena yang kompleks, dan dampak skala penuhnya sulit diprediksi jauh sebelumnya. Kalimat yang artinya sama dengan kalimat tersebut adalah (E) yaitu ‘it is difficult to precisely predict the effects of climate change due to its complex nature’ atau ‘sulit untuk secara tepat memprediksi dampak perubahan iklim karena sifatnya yang kompleks’.

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