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Pertanyaan

Name: Marie Sklodowska

Date of Birth: November 7, 1867

Place of Birth: Warsaw, Poland

Occupation: Physicist and chemist

Spouse: Pierre Curie (married in 1985), professor of the School of Physics

Children: Irene (born in 1897) and Eve (born in 1904)

Education: Studying physics and mathematics at the Sorbonne University, Paris (1891) where she met her husband

Works:

  • Marie and her husband worked together investigating radioactivity, building on the work of the German physicist Roentgen and the French physicist Becquerel.
  • In July 1898, they announced the discovery of a new chemical element, polonium.
  • At the end of 1898, they announced the discovery of radium.
  • In 1903, the Curies, along with Becquerel, were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.
  • In 1906, Pierre was knocked down and killed by a carriage.
  • Marie took over his husband's teaching post, becoming the first woman to teach at the Sorbonne, and devoted herself continuing the work that they had begun together.
  • In 1911, she received the second Nobel Prize, for Chemistry
  • During World War One, Marie helped to equip ambulances with x-ray equipment, which she drove to the front lines herself.
  • The International Red Cross made her head of its radiological service and she held training courses for medical orderlies and doctors in the new techniques.
  • Despite her success, Marie continued to face great opposition from male scientists in France, and she never received significant financial benefits from her work.
  • By the late 1920s, her health was beginning to deteriorate. She died on July 4, 1934 from leukaemia, caused by exposure to high-energy radiation from her research.
  • The Curies' eldest daughter, Irene, was a scientist and awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

Adopted from: http://www.bbc.eo.uk/history/historic_figures/curie_marie.shtml (September 29, 2019)

Write a biographical recount text based on the following biography.

R. Rani

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Pakuan

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    Born as Marie Sklodowska, Marie Curie was born in Warsaw, Poland on November 6, 1867. She studied physics and mathematics at Sorbonne University, Paris and graduated in 1891. She met her would-be husband, Pierre Curie at the same university and got married in 1985 when she adopted the surname Curie.

    She and her husband started researching in field of radioactivity, building on the work of German physicist Roentgen and the French physicist Becquerel. In 1898, they discovered two radioactive elements, polonium and radium. Five years later, the Curies alongside Becquerel were awarded the Nobel Prize for physics. While married, the Curies had two children, Irene and Eve. After Pierre were killed in 1906 by a carriage, Marie took over her husband teaching post at Sorbonne University, becoming the first woman to teach there. In 1911, Marie was again awarded the Nobel Prize, this time for Chemistry. During World War One, Curie played an important role in equipping ambulances with X-ray equipment and holding medical courses to teach orderlies and doctors the techniques for the radiological service.

    Despite her success, Marie continued to face great oppositions from male scientists and never received any significant financial benefits for her works. By late 1920s, Marie’s health was deteriorating, and she died on July 4, 1934 from leukemia, due to her constant exposure to high energy radiation from her research.

    Marie became a role model for many women scientist up to this day and is still regarded as one of the most influential scientists of all time.

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