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Pertanyaan

Work with your partner. Read the text entitled How Do Plants Reproduce? below, and complete the gaps with the correct form ofthe verbs in brackets whether in the simple present tense or in the passive voice.


How Do Plants Reproduce?

Plants either 1)____ (reproduce) sexually or asexually, depending on the type of plant. In sexual reproduction,two germ cells, or gametes,fuse to create the beginning of a genetically unique offspring. In asexual reproduction, a  plant cell 2)____ (split) in two to create a genetically identical offspring.
    During sexual reproduction, a male gamete needs to fertilize a a female gamete. Depending on the plant, this 3) ____ (accomplish)  in a variety of ways. In flowering plants, the male and female gametes 4)____ (locate) on different parts of the same flower. The sperm, located in the pollen grains, fall on the carpel of the flower, where the female gametes 5)____ (locate). This process occurs because of wind pollination or insect pollination that transports the pollen grains to the female gametes. As a result of this pollination, a fruit 6)____ (create), which contains the seeds of offspring. In mosses, sexual reproduction can only occur if the male and female plant gametes combine directly. Conifers have two different cones: a male and a female cone. The male cone 7)____ (give) off pollen that the female cone catches.
    Asexual reproduction 8)____ (occur) either through vegetative reproduction or apomixis. Vegetative reproduction occurs when a plant's shoots, roots and, sometimes, leaves fall onto moist dirt and take root. In apomixis, unfertilized plant seeds 9)____ (use) to create more offspring. Although asexual reproduction among plants occurs, sexual reproduction 10)____ (be) far more common in most plant species.

Adapted from:www.refrence.com/science/plants-reproduce-2a2fb27a640d2c01

N. Puspita

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang benar adalah "gives".

Pembahasan

Jawaban soal ini adalah "gives".

Soal tersebut meminta untuk melengkapi bagian rumpang nomor 7 dengan Simple Present Tense atau Passive Voice.

Pola kalimat Simple Present Tense adalah S + V1(s/es) + O
Pola kalimat Passive Voice adalah S + to  be (is, am, are) + V3.

Kalimat yang memiliki bagian rumpang tersebut apabila diterjemahkan akan menjadi "Kerucut jantan 7) ____(give) serbuk sari yang ditangkap kerucut betina".

Kata yang sesuai untuk melengkapi bagian rumpang tersebut adalah memberikan (menggunakan Simple Present Active, karena berawalan me-) dan subjeknya tunggal yaitu The male cone, maka susunannya adalah The male cone (S) + gives (V1 s/es) off. Yang memiliki arti "Kerucut jantan memberikan serbuk sari yang ditangkap kerucut betina".

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah "gives".

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