What does evolution mean?


Choose a, b, c, d, or e for the correct answer

Read the following text for questions 1-10.

Every living animal on earth is burning energy all the time. Physical activities like walking and breathing burn energy. Pumping blood and digesting food burns energy. Even thinking burns energy. For warm-blooded animals, a lot of energy is burned just keeping our body temperature where we need it. Even when we're sleeping, we're burning energy. The system works fine when there’s plenty of food. But what happens when the winter comes and it becomes very difficult to find food? How do animals survive with few energy sources available?
    There are many winter survival strategies in the animal world, and one of the most fascinating is hibernation. Some animals enter a state of “suspended animation.” Their breathing and heart rates slow and they allow their body temperature to drop, in some cases even below freezing. They stop eating and in many cases stop excreting. All of these things happen so the animal can use less energy.
    Whether an animal hibernates or migrates to a warmer area is generally a quirk of evolution. Smaller animals tend to be more likely to hibernate, because migration would require an enormous of energy relative to their body size. Larger animals are less apt to hibernate because of the additional energy required to warm up a large body.
    Hibernation is more varied than you might think. Many animals hibernate in a den all winter, but some animals hibernate in the summer. Some fish can hibernate in a waterproof mucus envelope if their lake dries up. Certain birds and bats enter a sort of daily hibernation called torpor.

Source: http://animals.howstuffworks.comlanimal-factslhibernation.htm

What does evolution mean?

  1. moving to a new place

  2. A process of spending time sleeping

  3. the way in which living things change and develop

  4. changing and killing an animal or bird for food, sport or profit

  5. A process of body digests food, or your ability to digest food

N. Febriyanti

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi


jawaban yang benar adalah C. the way in which living things change and develop.


Soal tersebut meminta untuk menjawab pertanyaan dengan memilih jawaban yang benar. Soal tersebut menanyakan tentang arti dari evolution.

Arti dari evolution dalam bahasa Indonesia adalah "proses perubahan atau perkembangan makhluk hidup". Dalam bahasa Inggris berarti "the way in which living things change and develop".

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah C. the way in which living things change and develop.


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Some fish can hibernate in a waterproof mucus envelope. What does waterproof the mean ?



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