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The text is for questions 14 - 16.


    Fog or mist is cloud of condensed water vapor in the form of water droplets or ice crystals, suspended in the atmosphere just over the surface of the earth. In cities and industrial areas, fog often combines with smoke to produce the mixture called smog.

   Meteorologically, fog can be classified into four general types according to the mechanism by which it is formed: advection, radiation, upslope, and precipitation. Advection fog is formed whenever a current of relatively warm, moist air passes over a colder body of land or water. Fog of this type is frequent in the winter when snow is on the ground. It is also common over the ocean, as in the North Atlantic when winds blow across the warm Gulf Stream and reach the cold Labrador Current.

    Radiation fog, formed only over land, is caused by the cooling of the earth by radiation. At night, radiation lowers water temperature comparatively slowły, but land cools rapidly, becoming cooler than the air above it, consequently, a fog is formed. Such fog is seldom thick and usually "burns off" in the morning.

    Upslope fog is formed when air is evenly cooled by its rising and expanding, as when a wind flows up a mountain slope.

    Precipitation fog may form during a snowstorm or rainstorm, if the snow or rain passes through a layer of air that is cooler than the precipitation. Fog of this kind frequently occurs during the passage of warm fronts and cold fronts, when the surface air is markedly different in from the upper air.

Why is the text written?

Why is the text written?

  1. To remind people of the danger of certain fogs.

  2. To make people know what fog is and how it happens.

  3. To make people aware of the possible impacts of fogs.

  4. To avoid the disadvantages of fogs in general.

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Jawaban terverifikasi

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jawaban yang benar adalah B.

jawaban yang benar adalah B.

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Pembahasan

"Why is the text written?" berarti "mengapa teks tersebut ditulis?", dengan kata lain kita diminta untuk mencari tujuan teks (purpose of text) tersebut. Berdasarkan kalimat "Meteorologically, fog can be classified into four general types according to the mechanism by which it is formed" (Secara meteorologis, kabut dapat diklasifikasikan menjadi empat tipe umum berdasarkan mekanisme pembentukannya), dapat diketahui bahwa teks ini membahas tentang kabut dan jenis-jenisnya berdasarkan proses pembentukannya. Maka tujuan dari teks tersebut adalah untuk menginformasikan apa yang dimaksud dengan kabut dan bagaimana kabut terjadi (To make people know what fog is and how it happens) . Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B.

"Why is the text written?" berarti "mengapa teks tersebut ditulis?", dengan kata lain kita diminta untuk mencari tujuan teks (purpose of text) tersebut.

Berdasarkan kalimat "Meteorologically, fog can be classified into four general types according to the mechanism by which it is formed" (Secara meteorologis, kabut dapat diklasifikasikan menjadi empat tipe umum berdasarkan mekanisme pembentukannya), dapat diketahui bahwa teks ini membahas tentang kabut dan jenis-jenisnya berdasarkan proses pembentukannya. Maka tujuan dari teks tersebut adalah untuk menginformasikan apa yang dimaksud dengan kabut dan bagaimana kabut terjadi (To make people know what fog is and how it happens).

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B.

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