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    High school students may improve their science grades by learning about the personal struggles and failed experiments of great scientists such as Albert Einstein and Marie Curie. 

    In one study, 402 students from four New York City high schools in low-income areas of the Bronx and Harlem were divided into three groups. The control group read an 800-word typical science textbook description about the great accomplishments of Einstein, Curie and Michael Faraday.

    Another group read about those scientists' personal struggles, including Einstein's flight from Nazi Germany to avoid persecution as a Jew. The third group of students read about the scientist's intellectual struggles, such as Curie’s persistence despite a string of failed experiments. The struggle stories included actions the scientists took to overcome these hurdles.

    Students who read about the scientists' intellectual or personal struggles were more likely to say the famous scientists were people, like themselves, who had to overcome failure and obstacles to succeed. Students in the control group more often believed the great scientists had innate talent and a special aptitude for science.

    The study suggests that science textbooks should highlight the struggles of great scientists and provide more vivid narrative descriptions of the techniques that scientists used to overcome challenges. "Many kids do not see science as part of their everyday lives. We teach them important content, but we never bring it to life," said the lead researcher Xiaodong Lin-Siegler, PhD. "Our science curriculum is impersonal, and kids have a hard time relating to it because they just see a long list of facts that they have to memorize."

(Diadaptasi dari http://www.t(C)columbi(A)edu/articles/learning-about-struggles-of-famous-scientists-may-help-students-succeed-in-scie/)

What is the topic of the passage?

What is the topic of the passage?

  1. A study on science grades.

  2. A study on high school students.

  3. A study on high school students' science grades.

  4. A study on the personal struggles of great scientists.

  5. A study on Albert Einstein and Marie Curie.

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D. Putri

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi

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jawaban yang benar adalah B.

jawaban yang benar adalah B.

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Pembahasan

Jawaban yang benar dari soal ini adalah B. Soal ini menanyakan apa topik dari teks tersebut. Padateks tersebut, penulis menjelaskan sebuah penelitian yang dilakukan pada siswa SMA , yaitu tentang bagaimana pengetahuan mengenai kesulitan pribadi dan berbagai eksperimen gagal yang dialami peneliti hebat seperti Albert Einstein dan Marie Curie dapat meningkatkan nilai pelajaran sains siswa SMA tersebut. Oleh karena itu, topik dariteks ini adalah "Penelitian pada siswa SMA" . Dengan demikian, jawaban yang benar adalah " A study on high school students " . Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B.

Jawaban yang benar dari soal ini adalah B.

Soal ini menanyakan apa topik dari teks tersebut.

Pada teks tersebut, penulis menjelaskan sebuah penelitian yang dilakukan pada siswa SMA, yaitu tentang bagaimana pengetahuan mengenai kesulitan pribadi dan berbagai eksperimen gagal yang dialami peneliti hebat seperti Albert Einstein dan Marie Curie dapat meningkatkan nilai pelajaran sains siswa SMA tersebut.

Oleh karena itu, topik dari teks ini adalah "Penelitian pada siswa SMA".

Dengan demikian, jawaban yang benar adalah "A study on high school students".

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B.

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