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What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

Pertanyaan


    For many youngsters, smoking might seem a cool thing to do. They might pick up the habit due to peer pressure and the need to fit in. As they become addicted, they might feel that it is their only way to unwind and overcome their problems.

    However, smoking is a bad and even dangerous habit. It may cause a variety of diseases, not only respiratory but also pulmonary. It also increases the risk of other diseases such as cancers of the throat, mouth, nasal cavity, oesophagus, stomach, pancreas, kidney, bladder, and cervix, as well as acute myeloid leukaemia and erectile dysfunction.

    Smoking not only affects physical health but also mental health. When a smoker feels anxious, he or she might smoke to get rid of the anxiety, which may increase the risk of anxiety symptoms in the long run. Although people have claimed that nicotine in cigarettes can improve attention and concentration, it is short-lived and cannot justify the habit.

    From the reasons above, we can conclude that smoking is a bad habit that should be avoided.


What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

  1. Smoking may harm our physical health.

  2. Smoking may harm our mental health.

  3. Smoking causes many diseases.

  4. Smoking helps relieve anxiety.

  5. Smoking may relieve stress.

N. Puspita

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Pembahasan


Soal menanyakan ide pokok dari paragraf kedua.

Ide pokok biasanya dapat ditemukan pada awal atau akhir paragraf, meski terkadang berada di tengah, atau bahkan tidak secara jelas tertulis di dalam paragraf.

Untuk nenemukan ide pokok, perlu untuk membaca dan memahami teks, kemudian identifikasi apa yang dibicarakan dalam teks.

Paragraf kedua menjelaskan tentang bahaya merokok dan penyakit-penyakit yang dapat disebabkan oleh merokok.

Hal ini dapat dilihat pada awal paragraf kedua yang tertulis, "However, smoking is a bad and even dangerous habit. It may cause a variety of diseases, ...." Yang berarti, "Namun, merokok adalah kebiasaan buruk dan bahkan berbahaya. Ini dapat menyebabkan berbagai penyakit, ...." Kemudian kalimat-kalimat setelahnya menjelaskan tentang penyakit-penyakit yang dapat ditimbulkan karena merokok.

Maka, dapat disimpulkan bahwa ide pokok dari paragraf kedua adalah "Merokok menyebabkan banyak penyakit".

Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah C. "Smoking causes many diseases".

 

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