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Recycling is the process of collecting, processing, and reusing materials that would otherwise be thrown away. Materials ranging from precious metals to broken glass, from old newspapers to plastic spoons, can be recycled. The recycling process reclaims the original material and uses it in new products.
In general, using recycled materials to make new products costs less and requires less energy than using new materials. Recycling can also reduce pollution, either by reducing the demand for high-pollution alternatives or by minimizing the amount of pollution produced during the manufacturing process.
Paper products that can be recycled include cardboard containers, wrapping paper, and office paper. The most commonly recycled paper product is newsprint. In newspaper recycling, old newspapers are collected and searched for contaminants, such as plastic bags and aluminum foil. The paper goes to a processing plant where it is mixed with hot water and turned into pulp in a machine that works much like a big kitchen blender. The pulp is screened and filtered to remove smaller contaminants. The pulp then goes to a large vat where the ink separates from the paper fibers and floats to the surface. The ink is skimmed off, dried, and reused as ink or burned as boiler fuel. The cleaned pulp is mixed with new wood fibers to be made into paper again.
Experts estimate the average office worker generates about 5 kg of waste paper per month. Every ton of paper that is recycled saves about 1.4 cu m (about 50 cu ft) of landfill space. One ton of recycled paper saves 17 pulpwood trees (trees used to produce paper).
The third step of recycling paper products is ....
mixing the paper with hot water in a blender which turns it into pulp
mixing the pulp with new wood fibers to be made into paper again
screening and filtering the pulp to remove smaller contaminants
putting the pulp to a large vat to separate the ink from the paper fibers
collecting and searching for contaminants such as plastic bags and aluminium foil
Proses daur ulang dijelaskan pada paragraf ketiga teks tersebut.
Langkah pertama adalah “In newspaper recycling, old newspapers are collected and searched for contaminants such as plastic bags and aluminum foil”.
Langkah kedua adalah “The paper goes to a processing plant where it is mixed with hot water and turned into pulp in a machine that works much like a big kitchen blender”.
Langkah ketiga adalah “The pulp is screened and filtered to remove smaller contaminants.”
Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah C.
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