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This text is for questions 24 to 26. The Concept of Kibun in South Korea       Kibun is a word with no literal English translation; the closest terms are pride, face, mood, feelings, or state of mind. If you hurt someone's kibun, you can hurt their pride, cause them to lose dignity, and lose face. Korean interpersonal relationship operates on the principle of harmony. It is important to maintain a peaceful, comfortable atmosphere at all times, even if it means telling a '"white lie". It is important to know how to judge the state of someone else's kibun, how to avoid hurting it, and how to keep your won kibun at the same time. In business, a manager's kibun is damaged if his subordinate cannot show proper respect. A subordinate's kibun is damaged if his manager criticizes him in public.       Nunchi is the ability to determine another person's kibun by using the eye. Since this is a culture where social harmony is crucial, being able to judge another person's state of mind is critical to maintain the person's kibun. Nunchi is accomplished by watching body language and listening to the tone of voice as well as what it said. Adopted from: https://www.commisceo-global.com/resources/country-guides/south-korea-guide (April 11, 2020) The writer suggests that to maintain a person's kibun, he/she must be able to _____.

Pertanyaan

This text is for questions 24 to 26.


The Concept of Kibun in South Korea

      Kibun is a word with no literal English translation; the closest terms are pride, face, mood, feelings, or state of mind. If you hurt someone's kibun, you can hurt their pride, cause them to lose dignity, and lose face. Korean interpersonal relationship operates on the principle of harmony. It is important to maintain a peaceful, comfortable atmosphere at all times, even if it means telling a '"white lie". It is important to know how to judge the state of someone else's kibun, how to avoid hurting it, and how to keep your won kibun at the same time. In business, a manager's kibun is damaged if his subordinate cannot show proper respect. A subordinate's kibun is damaged if his manager criticizes him in public.
      Nunchi is the ability to determine another person's kibun by using the eye. Since this is a culture where social harmony is crucial, being able to judge another person's state of mind is critical to maintain the person's kibun. Nunchi is accomplished by watching body language and listening to the tone of voice as well as what it said.

Adopted from: https://www.commisceo-global.com/resources/country-guides/south-korea-guide (April 11, 2020)


The writer suggests that to maintain a person's kibun, he/she must be able to _____.undefined 

  1. keep social harmonyundefined 

  2. optimize his/her behaviorundefined 

  3. judge another person's state of mindundefined 

  4. listen to another person's state of mindundefined 

  5. learn another person's body language and tone of voiceundefined 

N. Puspita

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang benar adalah C.

Pembahasan

Berikut adalah makna dari teks di atas:

Konsep Kibun di Korea Selatan

    Kibun adalah kata tanpa terjemahan bahasa Inggris literal; istilah terdekat adalah kesombongan, wajah, suasana hati, perasaan, atau keadaan pikiran. Jika Anda melukai kibun seseorang, Anda dapat melukai harga dirinya, menyebabkan mereka kehilangan martabat, dan merasa malu. Hubungan interpersonal Korea beroperasi dengan prinsip harmoni. Penting untuk menjaga suasana damai dan nyaman setiap saat, bahkan jika itu berarti mengatakan "kebohongan putih". Penting untuk mengetahui bagaimana menilai keadaan kibun orang lain, bagaimana menghindari menyakitinya, dan bagaimana menyimpan won kibun Anda pada saat yang bersamaan. Dalam bisnis, kibun seorang manajer akan rusak jika bawahannya tidak dapat menunjukkan rasa hormat yang pantas. Kibun seorang bawahan akan rusak jika manajernya mengkritiknya di depan umum.

    Nunchi adalah kemampuan menentukan kibun orang lain dengan menggunakan mata. Karena ini adalah budaya di mana keharmonisan sosial sangat penting, kemampuan menilai keadaan pikiran orang lain sangat penting untuk menjaga kibun orang tersebut. Nunchi dicapai dengan mengamati bahasa tubuh dan mendengarkan nada suara serta apa yang dikatakannya.

Soal di atas menanyakan informasi tentang apa yang penulis sarankan untuk menjaga kibun seseorang (The writer suggests that to maintain a person's kibun, he/she must be able to ...). Setelah kita membaca cerita di atas, kita tahu bahwa kemampuan menilai keadaan pikiran orang lain sangat penting untuk menjaga kibun orang tersebut. Dari pilihan jawaban yang tersedia, yang sesuai dengan informasi tersebut adalah judge another person's state of mind.

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah C.

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