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This passage is for the following question. In addition to inactive lifestyle and unsupportive environment, genes and family history also contribute to overweight and obesity cases. Studies of identical twins who have been raised apart show that genes have a strong influence on a person’s weight. Overweight and obesity tend to run in families. Your chances of being overweight are greater if one or both your parents are overweight or obese. Your genes also may affect the amount of fat you store in your body and where on your body you carry the extra fat. Because families also share food and physical activity habits, a link exists between genes and the environment. Children adopt the habits of their parents. A child who has overweight parents who eat high-calorie foods and are inactive will likely become overweight too. However, if the family adopts healthy food and physical activity habits, the child’s chance of being overweight or obese is reduced. Some hormone problems may also cause overweight and obesity, such as underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), Cushing’s syndrome, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Underactive thyroid is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Lack of thyroid hormone will slow down your metabolism and cause weight gain. Cushing’s syndrome is a condition in which the body’s adrenal glands make too much cortisol. People who have Cushing’s syndrome gain weight, have upper-body obesity, a rounded face, fat around the neck, and thin arms and legs. PCOS is a condition that affects about 5-10 percent of women of childbearing age. Women who have PCOS often are obese, have excess hair growth, and have reproductive problems and other health issues. These problems are caused by high levels of hormones called androgens. Certain medicines may cause you to gain weight. These medicines include some corticosteroids, antidepressants, and seizure medicines, which can slow the rate at which your body burns calories, increase your appetite, or cause your body to hold on to extra water. All of these factors can lead to weight gain. The author’s attitude regarding the causes of overweight and obesity cases is .…

This passage is for the following question.


    In addition to inactive lifestyle and unsupportive environment, genes and family history also contribute to overweight and obesity cases. Studies of identical twins who have been raised apart show that genes have a strong influence on a person’s weight. Overweight and obesity tend to run in families. Your chances of being overweight are greater if one or both your parents are overweight or obese. Your genes also may affect the amount of fat you store in your body and where on your body you carry the extra fat. Because families also share food and physical activity habits, a link exists between genes and the environment. Children adopt the habits of their parents. A child who has overweight parents who eat high-calorie foods and are inactive will likely become overweight too. However, if the family adopts healthy food and physical activity habits, the child’s chance of being overweight or obese is reduced.

    Some hormone problems may also cause overweight and obesity, such as underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), Cushing’s syndrome, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Underactive thyroid is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Lack of thyroid hormone will slow down your metabolism and cause weight gain. Cushing’s syndrome is a condition in which the body’s adrenal glands make too much cortisol. People who have Cushing’s syndrome gain weight, have upper-body obesity, a rounded face, fat around the neck, and thin arms and legs. PCOS is a condition that affects about 5-10 percent of women of childbearing age. Women who have PCOS often are obese, have excess hair growth, and have reproductive problems and other health issues. These problems are caused by high levels of hormones called androgens.

    Certain medicines may cause you to gain weight. These medicines include some corticosteroids, antidepressants, and seizure medicines, which can slow the rate at which your body burns calories, increase your appetite, or cause your body to hold on to extra water. All of these factors can lead to weight gain.


The author’s attitude regarding the causes of overweight and obesity cases is .…   

  1. neutral undefined 

  2. cynical undefined 

  3. positive undefined 

  4. concerned undefined 

  5. approving undefined 

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Jawaban

pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A.

pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A. undefined 

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Berikut adalah arti dari attitude (sikap penulis) pada masing-masing pilihan jawaban. Neutral artinya “biasa saja, tidak memihak”, cynical artinya “sinis, mengejek”, positive artinya “memberikan harapan, menunjukkan sesuatu yang ideal, dan bersifat bahagia”, concerned artinya “prihatin/khawatir”, dan approving artinya “mendukung data yang disajikan”. Teks di atas membahas tiga faktor penyebab dari obesitas. Setiap penyebab memiliki penjelasan masing-masing dan disertai dengan penelitian yang relevan. Pada paragraf pertama, penulis fokus memberikan informasi mengenai penyebab pertama dari obesitas, yaitu gen dan riwayat keluarga. Pada paragraf kedua, penulis fokus memberikan informasi mengenai penyebab kedua dari obesitas, yaitu permasalahan hormon. Pada paragraf ketiga, penulis fokus memberikan informasi mengenai penyebab ketiga dari obesitas, yaitu obat-obatan tertentu. Berdasarkan penjelasan tersebut, kita dapat mengetahui bahwa penulis hanya memberikan informasi mengenai hal-hal yang menjadi penyebab dari obesitas tanpa menunjukkan keberpihakannya (pada orang yang mengalami obesitas atau tidak). Penulis juga tidak menunjukkan sifat mengejek, memberikan harapan, prihatin, mendukung maupun menentang data yang disajikan. Dengan demikian, sikap penulis terhadap penyebab kegemukan dan obesitas adalah neutral . Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A .

Berikut adalah arti dari attitude (sikap penulis) pada masing-masing pilihan jawaban. 

Neutral artinya “biasa saja, tidak memihak”, cynical artinya “sinis, mengejek”, positive artinya “memberikan harapan, menunjukkan sesuatu yang ideal, dan bersifat bahagia”, concerned artinya “prihatin/khawatir”, dan approving artinya “mendukung data yang disajikan”.

Teks di atas membahas tiga faktor penyebab dari obesitas. Setiap penyebab memiliki penjelasan masing-masing dan disertai dengan penelitian yang relevan. Pada paragraf pertama, penulis fokus memberikan informasi mengenai penyebab pertama dari obesitas, yaitu gen dan riwayat keluarga. Pada paragraf kedua, penulis fokus memberikan informasi mengenai penyebab kedua dari obesitas, yaitu permasalahan hormon. Pada paragraf ketiga, penulis fokus memberikan informasi mengenai penyebab ketiga dari obesitas, yaitu obat-obatan tertentu.

Berdasarkan penjelasan tersebut, kita dapat mengetahui bahwa penulis hanya memberikan informasi mengenai hal-hal yang menjadi penyebab dari obesitas tanpa menunjukkan keberpihakannya (pada orang yang mengalami obesitas atau tidak). Penulis juga tidak menunjukkan sifat mengejek, memberikan harapan, prihatin, mendukung maupun menentang data yang disajikan. Dengan demikian, sikap penulis terhadap penyebab kegemukan dan obesitas adalah neutral.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A. undefined 

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