Pertanyaan

Read the text and complete the statements that follow.


Green Plastic Production Made Easy

    A one-step method enables scalable and more environmentally friendly production of plant-derived plastic monomers, paving the way towards the mass production of a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based materials.

    An international team, including Kiyotaka Nakajima of Hokkaido University, Japan, and EmieI Hensen of Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands, has developed an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients. The new technology will contribute towards the realization of sustainable 'green products', such as completely biobased beverage bottles. This study was conducted jointly with Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation and the findings were published in ACS Catalysis.

    Biobased plastics are emerging as a next generation material and are expected to replace petroleum-derived plastics. A plant-derived polyester, called polyethylene furanoate (PEF), is a promising 100% renewables-based polymer derived from plants that can replace the giant of the plastic industry, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), due to its better physical, mechanical, and thermal properties. However, realizing large-scale PEF production is seriously hampered by an inefficient production of the monomers.

    The researchers expect the new technique will not only improve the feasibility of commercial PEF production in the chemical industry, but also help advance a more ubiquitous use of bioplastics, as well as provide insight for the development of other bio-based chemical applications from various biomass-derived carbohydrates.

(Adopted from: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/201 9/04/1 904171 02835.htm (April 6, 2019))

The team has invented ____.


The team has invented ____. 

D. Enty

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang tepat adalah the team has invented an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients.

jawaban yang tepat adalah the team has invented an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients.

Pembahasan

Pembahasan

Soal di atas menanyakan hal yang kelompok tersebut telah menciptakan(alat). Untuk menjawab soal ini, kita perlu perhatikan kata kunci yang tercantum di soal, yaitu kata “ The team ” yang artinya “tim/kelompok” dan kata “invented ” yang artinya “menemukan” . Kata kunci tersebut dapat kita temukan pada kalimat pertama di paragraf kedua, “ An international team , including Kiyotaka Nakajima of Hokkaido University, Japan, and EmieI Hensen of Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands, has developed an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients ” Yang berarti “Tim internasional, termasuk Kiyotaka Nakajima dari Universitas Hokkaido, Jepang, dan EmieI Hensen dari Universitas Teknologi Eindhoven, Belanda, telah mengembangkan metode hemat energi untuk mensintesiskan bahan-bahan bioplastik(plastik yang mudah terurai). Berdasarkan k alimat tersebut, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa kata “team ” mengacu pada kata “ An international team ” dan kata “ invented” mengacu pada kata “develop”. Kata invented dalam kalimat soal sama maknanya dengan kata develoved dengan arti menciptakan/mengembangkan (alat). Maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa hal yang kelompok tersebut telah ciptakan ( the team has invented )adalah an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients. Dengan demikian, jawaban yang tepat adalah the team has invented an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients.

Soal di atas menanyakan hal yang kelompok tersebut telah menciptakan(alat). Untuk menjawab soal ini, kita perlu perhatikan kata kunci yang tercantum di soal, yaitu kata The team yang artinya “tim/kelompok” dan kata “inventedyang artinya “menemukan”. Kata kunci tersebut dapat kita temukan pada kalimat pertama di paragraf kedua, “An international team, including Kiyotaka Nakajima of Hokkaido University, Japan, and EmieI Hensen of Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands, has developed an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients Yang berarti “Tim internasional, termasuk Kiyotaka Nakajima dari Universitas Hokkaido, Jepang, dan EmieI Hensen dari Universitas Teknologi Eindhoven, Belanda, telah mengembangkan metode hemat energi untuk mensintesiskan bahan-bahan bioplastik(plastik yang mudah terurai). Berdasarkan kalimat tersebut, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa kata “team mengacu pada kata  An international teamdan kata “invented” mengacu pada kata “develop”. Kata invented dalam kalimat soal sama maknanya dengan kata develoved dengan arti menciptakan/mengembangkan (alat). Maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa hal yang kelompok tersebut telah ciptakan (the team has invented)adalah an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients.

 

Dengan demikian, jawaban yang tepat adalah the team has invented an energy-efficient method to synthesize bioplastic ingredients.

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