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Answer the following questions based on the text i...

Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity 9, orally.


    Good afternoon, everyone. This is 101.1 FM Coffee Break with your host, Naya Indriani, bringing you the newest updates of our nation. Without wasting any more time, let's start with our news.

    Finally, after waiting for a quite long time, the new Jakarta MRT or Mass Rapid Transit has operated. Jakarta has begun the commercial operation of its first metro line, with many hoping it will ease the notorious traffic in our capital. The new line is the first phase of a larger MRT project, covering a 16km route so far. It follows two weeks of a trial run where people could use the trains for free.

    Hopefully, this can cover other public transport initiatives' failure to ease traffic, as most people still use private vehicles.

    The new MRT is a significant step for Indonesia's capital where there have been discussions about an underground metro dating back to 1985. The.second phase is expected to be completed in 2024 with additional extensions planned for later.

    As we know, before the launch of the MRT, Jakarta already had public transport systems in operation, such as the TransJakarta bus rapid transit and a commuter train. However, those mass transport systems · have failed to become the first option for Jakarta residents. Only 20% of Jakarta's population use public transportation for their daily commute.

    According to director of Jakarta's new MRT, shifting people from private cars to the MRT will be a real challenge. He also urges the Jakarta metropolitan government to issue several regulations that will force residents to leave their cars and motorbikes at home. In other words, Jakarta's metro cannot be the only solution to the heavy traffic problems. Parking tariffs and car sales tax should be increased, and there should be a toll road system.

    I personally welcome the new MRT system. What are your opinions about them? Is it beneficial or will it add more problems to Jakarta? Leave your comments on twitter @101.1 FMCoffeeBreak. Thank you.

(Adopted from: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-47769724?intlink_from_url=https://www.bbc.com/news/topics/cmj34zmw7vmt/indonesia&link_location=live·reporting-story (April 6, 2019))


What is the purpose by giving free ride for the first two weeks?undefined 

  1. ....undefined 

  2. ....undefined 

Jawaban:

Pertama-tama, perlu dipahami dulu maksud dari pertanyaannya.

What is the purpose by giving free ride for the first two weeks?undefined
Terjemahan: Apa tujuan dari diberlakukannya tumpangan gratis pada dua minggu pertama?

Selanjutnya, pada teks, informasi bahwa tumpangan gratis diberlakukan selama dua minggu pertama tertera pada kalimat terakhir pada paragraf kedua, yaitu sebagai berikut.

It follows two weeks of a trial run where people could use the trains for free.
Terjemahan: Hal tersebut terjadi setelah sebuah uji coba selama dua minggu dimana orang-orang dapat menggunakan kereta secara gratis. 

Kemudian, kalimat setelah informasi tersebut, yaitu yang tertera pada paragraf ketiga, berbunyi demikian.

Hopefully, this can cover other public transport initiatives' failure to ease traffic, as most people still use private vehicles.
Terjemahan: Harapannya, hal ini dapat memperbaiki kegagalan inisiatif transportasi publik lain, karena kebanyakan orang masih menggunakan kendaraan pribadi.

Jika diperhatikan, kalimat tersebut merujuk kepada kalimat sebelumnya dan berisi informasi berupa sebuah tujuan terlihat dari digunakannya adverb hopefully atau 'harapannya'. Dengan demikian, tujuan dari diberlakukannya tumpangan gratis selama dua minggu adalah untuk memperbaiki kegagalan inisiatif transportasi publik lain, karena kebanyakan orang masih menggunakan kendaraan pribadi.

Dengan demikian, jawaban dari pertanyaan tersebut adalah the purpose by giving free ride for the first two weeks is to cover other public transport initiatives' failure to ease traffic, as most people still use private vehicles.

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