The question is based on the following text.
A massive banking crisis occurred in the United States in 1933. In the two preceding years, a large number of banks had failed, and fear of lost savings had prompted many depositors to remove their funds from banks. Problems became so serious in the state of Michigan that Governor William A. Comstock was forced to declare a moratorium on all banking activities in the state on February 14, 1933. The panic in Michigan quickly spread to other states, and on March 6, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a banking moratorium throughout the United States that left the entire country without banking services.
Congress immediately met in a special session to solve the banking crisis and on March 9 passed the Emergency Banking Act of 1933 to assist financially healthy banks to reopen. By March 15, banks controlling 90 percent of the country's financial reserves were again open for business.
The passage states that all the following occurred prior to 1933 EXCEPT that ...
Many banks went under.
A lot of money was withdrawn from accounts.
Many bank patrons were afraid of losing their deposits.
Governor Comstock canceled all banking activities in Michigan.
Many worried depositors removed their funds from banks.
Arti pertanyaan adalah “Bacaan di atas menyatakan hal-hal berikut terjadi sebelum 1933, kecuali …”
Pernyataan A benar berdasarkan kalimat “In the two preceding years (dua tahun sebelum 1933), a large number of banks had failed,...” yang artinya “Pada dua tahun sebelumnya, sejumlah besar bank gagal ….”. failed (financially) artinya sama dengan went under.
Pernyataan B, C, dan E benar berdasarkan kalimat “... prompted many depositors to remove their funds from banks.” yang artinya “... mendorong banyak penabung (nasabah) mengambil dana mereka dari bank.”.
Pernyataan yang tidak sesuai dengan teks adalah "Gubernur Comstock membatalkan semua aktivitas perbankan di Michigan.". Pada paragraf pertama dikatakan “Governor William A. Comstock was forced to declare a moratorium on all banking activities in the state on February 14, 1933.” Aktivitas bank dihentikan pada february 1933, bukan sebelumnya.
Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah D.
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