Choose the correct answer by crossing A, B, C, D, or E!
This text is for questions 15 to 17.
Most people choose to burn their garbage in open areas than recycling them. I suppose they don't realize how harmful this practice is to their health and to the environment. There are some reasons why we should not burn waste.
Open burning of garbage poses health risks to those exposed directly to the smoke. It especially affects people with sensitive respiratory systems, as well as children and the elderly. In the short term, exposure to smoke can cause headaches; nausea, and rashes. Over time, it can increase the risk of developing heart disease.
Since open burning of garbage is more common in rural and agricultural areas, there is particular concern for high levels of dioxins and furans settling on crops, in our streams, and in our lakes. Dioxins and furans produced by the open burning of garbage are deposited on plants, which are eaten by animals. The dioxins and furans are absorbed by these animals and stay in the food chain until they ultimately end up in our meat and dairy products. In fact, over 90 percent of our intake of dioxins and furans is from our diet.
In conclusion, burning garbage is not a good way to reduce our waste because it is dangerous for our health and environment. There are still many safe ways to reduce waste that we can try.
The main idea of the third paragraph is ....
Burning waste is bad for health .
Open burning of garbage has no risks to lakes and streams.
Animals are the one which spread the pollutants.
Dioxins and furans are produced by plants.
Open burning of garbage is not good for our environment.
Jawaban dari soal ini adalah E.
Soal menanyakan gagasan utama pada paragraf ketiga.
Untuk menjawab pertanyaan tersebut, hal yang dilakukan adalah membaca dan memahami paragraf ketiga.
Gagasan utama biasanya terletak di kalimat pertama. Pada paragraf ketiga, kalimat pertamanya adalah "Since open burning of garbage is more common in rural and agricultural areas, there is particular concern for high levels of dioxins and furans settling on crops, in our streams, and in our lakes." yang artinya "Karena pembakaran sampah secara terbuka lebih sering terjadi di daerah pedesaan dan pertanian, ada perhatian khusus untuk tingkat tinggi dioksin dan furan yang mengendap di tanaman, di sungai, dan di danau kita."
Dari pernyataan tersebut, dapat diketahui bahwa gagasan utama dari paragraf ketiga adalah dampak buruk membakar sampah bagi lingkungan atau "Open burning of garbage is not good for our environment."
Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah E.
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