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The following text is for questions 9 to 12. Scientists Reveal First Image Ever Made of a Black Hole     Scientists on Wednesday revealed the first image ever made of a black hole, depicting its hot, shadowy edges where light bends around itself in a cosmic effect.     Assembling data gathered by eight radio telescopes around the world, astronomers created the picture showing the violent neighborhood around a supermassive black hole, the light-sucking monsters of the universe theorized by Einstein more than a century ago and confirmed by observations for decades. It looked llke a flaming orange, yellow, and black ring.     "We have seen what we thought was unseeable. We have seen and taken a picture of a black hole. Here it is," said Sheperd Doeleman of Harvard.     Jessica Dempsey, a co-discoverer and deputy director of the East Asian Observatory in Hawaii, said it remmded her of the powerful flaming Eye of Sauron from the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy.     Unlike smaller black holes that come from collapsed stars, supermassive black holes are mysterious in origin. Situated at the center of most galaxies, including ours, they are so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape their gravitational pull. This one's "event horizon"-the point of no return around it, where light and matter begin to fall inexorably into the abyss-is as big as our entire solar system.     Three years ago, scientists using an extraordinarily sensitive observing system heard the sound of two much smaller black holes merging to create a gravitational wave, as Albert Einstein predicted. The new image, published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters and announced around the world in several news conferences, adds light to that sound.     Outside scientists suggested the achievement could be worthy of a Nobel Prize, just like the gravitational wave discovery.     While much around a black hole falls into a death spiral and is never to be seen again, the new image captures "lucky gas and dust" circling at just far enough to be safe and seen millions of years later on Earth, Dempsey said.     "Taken over four days when astronomers had to have the perfect weather all across the world and literally all the stars had to align, the image helps confirm Einstein's general relativity theory," Dempsey said. Einstein a century ago even predicted the symmetrical shape that scientists just found, she said.     "It's circular, but on one side the light is brighter," Dempsey added. "That's because that light is approaching Earth." (Adopted from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/scientistsreveal-first-image-ever-made-of-a-black-hole/storyKhKhbqAAp2kuVt4F7oG1JN.html (April 11, 2019)) From the text we know that ____.

Pertanyaan

The following text is for questions 9 to 12.


Scientists Reveal First Image Ever Made of a Black Hole

    Scientists on Wednesday revealed the first image ever made of a black hole, depicting its hot, shadowy edges where light bends around itself in a cosmic effect.

    Assembling data gathered by eight radio telescopes around the world, astronomers created the picture showing the violent neighborhood around a supermassive black hole, the light-sucking monsters of the universe theorized by Einstein more than a century ago and confirmed by observations for decades. It looked llke a flaming orange, yellow, and black ring.

    "We have seen what we thought was unseeable. We have seen and taken a picture of a black hole. Here it is," said Sheperd Doeleman of Harvard.

    Jessica Dempsey, a co-discoverer and deputy director of the East Asian Observatory in Hawaii, said it remmded her of the powerful flaming Eye of Sauron from the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy.

    Unlike smaller black holes that come from collapsed stars, supermassive black holes are mysterious in origin. Situated at the center of most galaxies, including ours, they are so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape their gravitational pull. This one's "event horizon"-the point of no return around it, where light and matter begin to fall inexorably into the abyss-is as big as our entire solar system.

    Three years ago, scientists using an extraordinarily sensitive observing system heard the sound of two much smaller black holes merging to create a gravitational wave, as Albert Einstein predicted. The new image, published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters and announced around the world in several news conferences, adds light to that sound.

    Outside scientists suggested the achievement could be worthy of a Nobel Prize, just like the gravitational wave discovery.

    While much around a black hole falls into a death spiral and is never to be seen again, the new image captures "lucky gas and dust" circling at just far enough to be safe and seen millions of years later on Earth, Dempsey said.

    "Taken over four days when astronomers had to have the perfect weather all across the world and literally all the stars had to align, the image helps confirm Einstein's general relativity theory," Dempsey said. Einstein a century ago even predicted the symmetrical shape that scientists just found, she said.

    "It's circular, but on one side the light is brighter," Dempsey added. "That's because that light is approaching Earth."

(Adopted from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/scientistsreveal-first-image-ever-made-of-a-black-hole/storyKhKhbqAAp2kuVt4F7oG1JN.html (April 11, 2019))


From the text we know that ____.undefined 

  1. scientists needed one week to find the discoveryundefined 

  2. scientists collected the data using six radio telescopesundefined 

  3. the new discovery has not been awarded the Nobel Prizeundefined 

  4. the black hole is located at the center of our gravitational pullundefined 

  5. Alfred Nobel had predicted the symmetrical shape that scientists just foundundefined 

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Untuk menemukan jawaban dari soal ini, perhatikan teks dengan cermat dan gunakan sistem eliminasi. 

Dalam menggunakan sistem eliminasi, bandingkan informasi yang terdapat pada pilihan jawaban dengan yang ada pada teks kemudian buat kesimpulan atau inference dari perbandingan informasi tersebut.

Pilihan jawaban A tereliminasi oleh paragraf ke-9. Di dalam kalimat "Taken over four days..." yang artinya "Menghabiskan lebih dari empat hari..." menunjukkan bahwa penemuan tersebut ditemukan lebih dari empat hari, tetapi tidak spesifik selama satu minggu yang berjumlah tujuh hari.

Pilihan jawaban B tereliminasi oleh paragraf ke dua. Di dalam kalimat "Assembling data gathered by eight radio telescopes around the world..." yang artinya "Menyatukan data yang dikumpulkan oleh delapan radio teleskop di seluruh dunia". Jadi, dapat disimpulkan bahwa radio yang digunakan berjumlah delapan bukan enam.

Pilihan jawaban C kemungkinan besar merupakan jawaban yang paling tepat. Dapat dilihat dari kalimat pada paragraf ke-7, yaitu "Outside scientists suggested the achievement could be worthy of a Nobel Prize..." yang artinya "Para ilmuan luar menyarankan pencapaian tersebut berhak mendapatkan Penghargaan Nobel...". Jadi, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penemuan tersebut belum mendapatkan Penghargaan Nobel.

Pilihan jawaban D tereliminasi karena tidak disebutkan di dalam teks. 

Pilihan jawaban E. tereliminasi oleh paragraf ke-9, yang menjelaskan bahwa Einstein lah yang memprediksinya, bukan Alfred Nobel.

Jadi jawabannya adalah, C. the new discovery has not been awerded the Nobel Prize.

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