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The following text is for questions 9 to 12. Scientists Reveal First Image Ever Made of a Black Hole Scientists on Wednesday revealed the first image ever made of a black hole, depicting its hot, shadowy edges where light bends around itself in a cosmic effect. Assembling data gathered by eight radio telescopes around the world, astronomers created the picture showing the violent neighborhood around a supermassive black hole, the light-sucking monsters of the universe theorized by Einstein more than a century ago and confirmed by observations for decades. It looked llke a flaming orange, yellow, and black ring. "We have seen what we thought was unseeable. We have seen and taken a picture of a black hole. Here it is," said Sheperd Doeleman of Harvard. Jessica Dempsey, a co-discoverer and deputy director of the East Asian Observatory in Hawaii, said it remmded her of the powerful flaming Eye of Sauron from the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy. Unlike smaller black holes that come from collapsed stars, supermassive black holes are mysterious in origin. Situated at the center of most galaxies, including ours, they are so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape their gravitational pull. This one's "event horizon"-the point of no return around it, where light and matter begin to fall inexorably into the abyss-is as big as our entire solar system. Three years ago, scientists using an extraordinarily sensitive observing system heard the sound of two much smaller black holes merging to create a gravitational wave, as Albert Einstein predicted. The new image, published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters and announced around the world in several news conferences, adds light to that sound. Outside scientists suggested the achievement could be worthy of a Nobel Prize, just like the gravitational wave discovery. While much around a black hole falls into a death spiral and is never to be seen again, the new image captures "lucky gas and dust" circling at just far enough to be safe and seen millions of years later on Earth, Dempsey said. "Taken over four days when astronomers had to have the perfect weather all across the world and literally all the stars had to align, the image helps confirm Einstein's general relativity theory," Dempsey said. Einstein a century ago even predicted the symmetrical shape that scientists just found, she said. "It's circular, but on one side the light is brighter," Dempsey added. "That's because that light is approaching Earth." (Adopted from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/scientistsreveal-first-image-ever-made-of-a-black-hole/storyKhKhbqAAp2kuVt4F7oG1JN.html (April 11, 2019)) The discovery is along with a/an ____ theory.

The following text is for questions 9 to 12.


Scientists Reveal First Image Ever Made of a Black Hole

    Scientists on Wednesday revealed the first image ever made of a black hole, depicting its hot, shadowy edges where light bends around itself in a cosmic effect.

    Assembling data gathered by eight radio telescopes around the world, astronomers created the picture showing the violent neighborhood around a supermassive black hole, the light-sucking monsters of the universe theorized by Einstein more than a century ago and confirmed by observations for decades. It looked llke a flaming orange, yellow, and black ring.

    "We have seen what we thought was unseeable. We have seen and taken a picture of a black hole. Here it is," said Sheperd Doeleman of Harvard.

    Jessica Dempsey, a co-discoverer and deputy director of the East Asian Observatory in Hawaii, said it remmded her of the powerful flaming Eye of Sauron from the "Lord of the Rings" trilogy.

    Unlike smaller black holes that come from collapsed stars, supermassive black holes are mysterious in origin. Situated at the center of most galaxies, including ours, they are so dense that nothing, not even light, can escape their gravitational pull. This one's "event horizon"-the point of no return around it, where light and matter begin to fall inexorably into the abyss-is as big as our entire solar system.

    Three years ago, scientists using an extraordinarily sensitive observing system heard the sound of two much smaller black holes merging to create a gravitational wave, as Albert Einstein predicted. The new image, published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters and announced around the world in several news conferences, adds light to that sound.

    Outside scientists suggested the achievement could be worthy of a Nobel Prize, just like the gravitational wave discovery.

    While much around a black hole falls into a death spiral and is never to be seen again, the new image captures "lucky gas and dust" circling at just far enough to be safe and seen millions of years later on Earth, Dempsey said.

    "Taken over four days when astronomers had to have the perfect weather all across the world and literally all the stars had to align, the image helps confirm Einstein's general relativity theory," Dempsey said. Einstein a century ago even predicted the symmetrical shape that scientists just found, she said.

    "It's circular, but on one side the light is brighter," Dempsey added. "That's because that light is approaching Earth."

(Adopted from: https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/scientistsreveal-first-image-ever-made-of-a-black-hole/storyKhKhbqAAp2kuVt4F7oG1JN.html (April 11, 2019))


The discovery is along with a/an ____ theory. 

  1. relativityundefined 

  2. evolutionundefined 

  3. quantumundefined 

  4. sociologicalundefined 

  5. psychologicalundefined 

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jawabannya adalah, A. Relativity

jawabannya adalah, A. Relativity

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Kata kunci dari soal adalah " theory ". Temukan kata tersebut pada teks. Kata theory secara eksplisit disebutkan pada paragraf ke-9. Paragraf tersebut berisi kutipan dari Jessica Dempsey yang mengatakan bahwa dibutuhkan sebanyak 4 hari bagi ahli astronomiuntuk mendapatkan cuaca yang sempurna di seluruh dunia dan semua bintang bersejajar, gambar tersebut membenarkan teori relativitas Einstein. Oleh karena itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penemuan tersebut saling melengkapi dengan teori relativitas. Artikel yang digunakan adalah " a " karena relativitas atau relativity diawali oleh huruf konsonan R. Jadi jawabannya adalah, A. Relativity

Kata kunci dari soal adalah "theory". Temukan kata tersebut pada teks. 

Kata theory secara eksplisit disebutkan pada paragraf ke-9. Paragraf tersebut berisi kutipan dari Jessica Dempsey yang mengatakan bahwa dibutuhkan sebanyak 4 hari bagi ahli astronomi untuk mendapatkan cuaca yang sempurna di seluruh dunia dan semua bintang bersejajar, gambar tersebut membenarkan teori relativitas Einstein. 

Oleh karena itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penemuan tersebut saling melengkapi dengan teori relativitas. 

Artikel yang digunakan adalah "a" karena relativitas atau relativity diawali oleh huruf konsonan R. 

Jadi jawabannya adalah, A. Relativity

Latihan Bab

The Big Picture

The Stated and The Unstated

Words Beyond the Lines

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