The following text is for questions 10 to 12.
According to the 2019 State of Global Air (SOGA) report, air pollution is the fifth leading factor in mortality across the world, responsible for more deaths than alcohol, malnutrition and drugs.
Particularly at risk are countries in Asia and Africa, where high levels of lung-clogging particulate matter (PM 2.5) and the regular use of fuels like coal and charcoal for home cooking result in a dramatically reduced life expectancy. PM 2.5 is dangerous airborne pollution particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers in diameter.
According to the report, the growing burden of disease from air pollution is among the major challenges facing national governments and public health officials, with far-reaching implications for national economies and human well-being. The problem is particularly pronounced in countries such as India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, which in the past year have seen cities blanketed in thick clouds of toxic air for days at a time.
On average, the SOGA report said, air pollution means a child born today in South Asia will die 30 months earlier than he or she would have done otherwise. Globally, that figure is 20 months.
(Adopted from: https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/03/health/air-pollution-lifeexpectancy-intl/index.html (April 6, 2019))
How do national governments and public health officials see air pollution?
It is exclusive for developing countries.
Its effect is one of their biggest concerns.
It can reduce our life expectancy up to 30 months.
It is a serious threat to countries in Asia and Africa.
It is more challenging than malnutrition and drugs issues.
Soal menanyakan bagaimana pemerintah nasional dan pejabat kesehatan masyarakat melihat polusi udara.
Kata kunci di dalam soal ini adalah polusi udara, pemerintah, dan pejabat kesehatan masyarakat.
Kata kunci tersebut dapat ditemukan di kalimat pertama paragraf ketiga yang berbunyi "... the growing burden of disease from air pollution is among the major challenges facing national governments and public health officials ..."
Apabila diterjemahkan, kalimat tersebut berbunyi "... beban penyakit yang meningkat akibat polusi udara adalah salah satu tantangan besar bagi pemerintah nasional dan pejabat kesehatan masyarakat ..."
Makna dari kalimat tersebut menunjukkan bahwa akibat dari polusi merupakan kekhawatiran terbesar pemerintah sehingga jawaban yang paling tepat adalah "Its effect is one of their biggest concerns" yang artinya "dampaknya adalah salah satu kekhawatiran terbesar mereka".
Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B.
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