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Eight Mummies and Other Treasures Found in Luxor Tomb Bonanza
Archaeologists unearthed mummies, colorful wooden sarcophagi, and more than a thousand funerary statues in a 3,500-year-old tomb near Luxor.
April l8, 2017
l l :34 AM EDT
Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed several mummies, colorful wooden sarcophagi, and more than a thousand funerary statues in a 3,500-year-old tomb near the city of Luxor- an ancient haul that's being hailed as an "important discovery."
Antiquities officials had initially said six mummies along with partial remains were discovered near the southern city, but later said they had identified two more.
"There are 10 coffins and eight mummies. The excavation is ongoing," Mostafa Waziri, the head of the archeological mission, told AFP.
The 18th Dynasty tomb, discovered in the Draa Abul Nagaa necropolis near the famed Valley of the Kings, belonged to a nobleman named Userhat who worked as the city judge, the ministry said in a Tuesday statement.
It was opened to add more mummies during the 21st Dynasty, about 3,000 years ago, to protect them during a period when tomb-robbing was common at the site, Waziri said.
"It was a surprise how much was being displayed inside" the tomb, Antiquities Minister Khaled el-Enany remarked to reporters outside of the tomb.
"We found a large number of Ushabti [small carved figurines], more than 1,000 of them," Enany said, referring to figurines that were often placed with the deceased in ancient Egyptian tombs to help with responsibilities in the afterlife. "This is an important discovery."
Inside the tomb, archaeologists wearing white masks and latex gloves inspected the sarcophagi, which were covered with intricate drawings in red, blue, black, green, and yellow, and featured the carved faces of the dead. The coffins were mainly well-preserved, though some had deteriorated and broken over the years. Archeologists were also examining a mummy wrapped in linen that was inside one of the coffins.
White, orange, green, and patterned pots were also found in the tombs.
"It is a T-shaped tomb [that] consists of an open court leading into a rectangular hall, a corridor, and an inner chamber," the ministry said in a statement.
A nine-meter shaft inside the tomb held the Ushabti figurines, as well as "wooden masks and a handle of a sarcophagus lid," the ministry said.
Another room in the tomb was also discovered, the ministry noted, though it has not yet been completely excavated.
Nevine el-Aref, the spokeswoman for the antiquities ministry, said "there is evidence and traces that new mummies could be discovered in the future."
Why is it called an important discovery?
Soal ini menanyakan tentang alasan penemuan tersebut dikatakan sebagai penemuan penting.
Pada akhir paragraf pertama teks berita tersebut, terdapat kata "important discovery" yang artinya "penemuan penting".
Paragraf pertama diterjemahkan menjadi:
"Para arkeolog Mesir telah menemukan beberapa mumi, sarkofagus kayu berwarna-warni, dan lebih dari seribu patung penguburan di sebuah makam berusia 3.500 tahun di dekat kota Luxor—sederetan penemuan kuno yang dipuji sebagai "penemuan penting."
Berdasarkan makna paragraf pertama, dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa penemuan tersebut disebut sebagai penemuan penting karena para arkeolog telah menemukan benda-benda purbakala dan bersejarah seperti mumi, arkofagus kayu berwarna-warni, dan lebih dari seribu patung penguburan di sebuah makam berusia 3.500 tahun di dekat kota Luxor.
Sehingga kalimatnya menjadi It is called as an important discovery because archaeologists have unearthed archaeological and historical objects such as mummies, colorful wooden sarcophagi and more than a thousand funerary statues in a 3,500-year-old tomb in the city of Luxor.
Jadi jawaban yang benar adalah It is called as an important discovery because archaeologists have unearthed archaeological and historical objects such as mummies, colorful wooden sarcophagi and more than a thousand funerary statues in a 3,500-year-old tomb in the city of Luxor.
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