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Task 1: Reading Comprehension As you know on every 10 November we all celebrate HeroesDays. Why do you think the Heroes Day took that special date tocommemorate our heroes’ sacrifice? Discuss with your partnersand come to a conclusion why the date has become special. Afterthat, read through the passageand check whether your conclusionis the same as the reason stated in the text. On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan orHeroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya whichstarted on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle tookplace because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponryto British army. British Army at that time was part of the AlliedForces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary leader who played a very important role in this battle. It all started because of a misunderstanding between Britishtroops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the commandof Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had anagreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreementstated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia tosurrender their weapons. However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets allover Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops andmilitia leaders because they felt betrayed. On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he wasapproaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah orRed Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death, but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered byIndonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant GeneralSir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city. In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troopsbegan to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval andair bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the cityheroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the wholebattle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about600 to 2000. Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry whichhampered the country’s independence struggle. However, thebattle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally forthe country’s independence which made this battle especiallyimportant for Indonesian national revolution. Adapted from : http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/17298/hari-pahlawan-battle-of-surabaya-the-story-behind-indonesias-heroes-day/ Indonesia had gone through many battles. Why do you think the date of the Battle of Surabaya is used as a momentum to commemorate our hero’s contribution?

Task 1: Reading Comprehension
As you know on every 10 November we all celebrate Heroes Days. Why do you think the Heroes Day took that special date to commemorate our heroes’ sacrifice? Discuss with your partners and come to a conclusion why the date has become special. After that, read through the passage and check whether your conclusion is the same as the reason stated in the text.


    On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary  leader who played a very important role in this battle.

    It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.

    However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.

    On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death,
but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.

    In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.

    Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.

Adapted from: http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/17298/hari-pahlawan-battle-of-surabaya-the-story-behind-indonesias-heroes-day/


Indonesia had gone through many battles. Why do you think the date of the Battle of Surabaya is used as a momentum to commemorate our hero’s contribution?

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Dalam Recount Text di atas dijelaskan bahwa mereka berani menolak penjajah dengan menolak mengembalikan senjata kepada tentara Inggris, agar mereka dapat bertempur dengan tentara Inggris dan memperjuangkan kemerdekaan. Lalu, banyak korban jiwa yang berjatuhan namun usaha mereka mempertahankan tanah air sangatlah gagah dan berani. Pembuktian dalam teks di atas yaitu: Because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died. Maka jawaban dari soal di atas adalah The Battle of Surabaya was fierce and bloody. The freedom fighters and people fought hand in hand, and many of them died in the battle. To commemorate their sacrifice, the day when the battle took place is commemorated as the Heroes Day.

Dalam Recount Text di atas dijelaskan bahwa mereka berani menolak penjajah dengan menolak mengembalikan senjata kepada tentara Inggris, agar mereka dapat bertempur dengan tentara Inggris dan memperjuangkan kemerdekaan. Lalu, banyak korban jiwa yang berjatuhan namun usaha mereka mempertahankan tanah air sangatlah gagah dan berani. undefined

Pembuktian dalam teks di atas yaitu:

  • Because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army.
  • Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died.

Maka jawaban dari soal di atas adalah The Battle of Surabaya was fierce and bloody. The freedom fighters and people fought hand in hand, and many of them died in the battle. To commemorate their sacrifice, the day when the battle took place is commemorated as the Heroes Day.

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Task 1: Reading Comprehension As you know on every 10 November we all celebrate HeroesDays. Why do you think the Heroes Day took that special date tocommemorate our heroes’ sacrifice? Discuss with y...

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