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Task 1: Reading Comprehension As you know on every 10 November we all celebrate Heroes Days. Why do you think the Heroes Day took that special date to commemorate our heroes’ sacrifice? Discuss with your partners and come to a conclusion why the date has become special. After that, read through the passage and check whether your conclusion is the same as the reason stated in the text.     On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary  leader who played a very important role in this battle.     It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.     However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.     On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death, but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.     In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.     Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution. Adapted from: http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/17298/hari-pahlawan-battle-of-surabaya-the-story-behind-indonesias-heroes-day/ What caused the battle? Draw a diagram that shows chronologically the events that led to the battle.

Pertanyaan

 

Task 1: Reading Comprehension
As you know on every 10 November we all celebrate Heroes Days. Why do you think the Heroes Day took that special date to commemorate our heroes’ sacrifice? Discuss with your partners and come to a conclusion why the date has become special. After that, read through the passage and check whether your conclusion is the same as the reason stated in the text.


    On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary  leader who played a very important role in this battle.

    It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.

    However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.

    On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death,
but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.

    In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.

    Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.

Adapted from: http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/17298/hari-pahlawan-battle-of-surabaya-the-story-behind-indonesias-heroes-day/


What caused the battle? Draw a diagram that shows chronologically the events that led to the battle.

W. RF

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Pembahasan

Berdasarkan arti dari soal yaitu; "Apa yang menyebabkan pertempuran terjadi? Gambarkan diagram yang menunjukkan kronologi peristiwa hingga pertempuran terjadi." dapat diketahui bahwa soal menanyakan tentang peristiwa-peristiwa apa saja yang terjadi di dalam teks.  

Teks ini merupakan Recount Text yang berarti menceritakan kejadian atau pengalaman yang terjadi di masa lalu. Recount text biasanya menjelaskan peristiwa secara spesifik dan kronologis yakni berdasarkan waktu peristiwa itu terjadi, maka perhatikan waktu dan kejadian yang dijelaskan di dalam teks. 

Di dalam paragraf ke-2, terdapat informasi bahwa peristiwa terjadi karena kesalahpahaman antara pasukan Inggris di Jakarta dan di Surabaya di bawah pimpinan Brigadir A.W.W.S Mallaby yang di paragraf ke-2 terlihat puncaknya terjadi pada tanggal 27 Oktober 1945.

Kemudian dalam paragraf ke-3, dijelaskan bahwa pada tanggal 30 Oktober, Brigadir Mallaby terbunuh yang pada saat itu dipercaya dilakukan oleh milisi Indonesia yang kemudian membuat Inggris marah dan menyerang Surabaya. 


Jadi jawabannya adalah, "the battle caused by a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya" yang artinya "pertempuran terjadi karena kesalahpahaman antara pasukan Inggris di Jakarta dan di Surabaya"

Diagram yang dibuat dapat berupa;

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