Task 1: Reading Comprehension
As you know on every 10 November we all celebrate Heroes Days. Why do you think the Heroes Day took that special date to commemorate our heroes’ sacrifice? Discuss with your partners and come to a conclusion why the date has become special. After that, read through the passage and check whether your conclusion is the same as the reason stated in the text.
On 10 November, Indonesia celebrates Hari Pahlawan or Heroes Day in remembrance of the Battle of Surabaya which started on that very date in the year 1945. The bloody battle took place because Indonesians refused to surrender their weaponry to British army. British Army at that time was part of the Allied Forces. The defiant Bung Tomo is the well-known revolutionary leader who played a very important role in this battle.
It all started because of a misunderstanding between British troops in Jakarta and those in Surabaya, under the command of Brigadier A.W.WS. Mallaby. Brigadier Mallaby already had an agreement with Governor of East Java Mr. Surya. The agreement stated that British would not ask Indonesian troops and militia to surrender their weapons.
However, a British plane from Jakarta dropped leaflets all over Surabaya. The leaflet told Indonesians to do otherwise on 27 October 1945. This action angered the Indonesian troops and militia leaders because they felt betrayed.
On 30 October 1945, Brigadier Mallaby was killed as he was approaching the British troops’ post near Jembatan Merah or Red Bridge, Surabaya. There were many reports about the death,
but it was widely believed that the Brigadier was murdered by Indonesian militia. Looking at this situation, Lieutenant General Sir Philip Christison brought in reinforcements to siege the city.
In the early morning of 10 November 1945, British troops began to advance into Surabaya with cover from both naval and air bombardment. Although the Indonesians defended the city heroically, the city was conquered within 3 days and the whole battle lasted for 3 weeks. In total, between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2000.
Battle of Surabaya caused Indonesia to lose weaponry which hampered the country’s independence struggle. However, the battle provoked Indonesian and international mass to rally for the country’s independence which made this battle especially important for Indonesian national revolution.
Adapted from: http://www.globalindonesianvoices.com/17298/hari-pahlawan-battle-of-surabaya-the-story-behind-indonesias-heroes-day/
What do you think about the Indonesian military power compared to that of the British army at that time?
Arti dari pertanyaan di dalam soal adalah "Menurut kamu, bagaimana kekuatan pasukan Indonesia dibandingkan dengan pasukan Inggris saat itu?"
Jawaban untuk soal ini membutuhkan opini pembaca. Karena teks yang ada di dalam soal merupakan Recount Text yang berarti menceritakan kejadian atau pengalaman nyata yang terjadi di masa lalu, maka berikan opini berdasarkan fakta yang tertulis di dalam teks.
Awali jawaban dengan menyatakan fakta yang terdapat di dalam teks terlebih dahulu. Gunakan kata pembuka seperti; "Based on the text", "According to the text".
Kemudian berikan pendapat menggunakan common expression seperti; "In my opinion", "I would say that", "As for me", "I feel", "I believe". Lalu, tuliskan pendapat dan berikan alasan. Susun kalimat menggunakan sequencers seperti; "First", "Second".
Jawaban berupa opini, contoh; "According to the text, the city was conquered within 3 days and between 6,000 and 16,000 Indonesians died while casualties on the British side were about 600 to 2,000. I would say that the Indonesians were huge in number but not in quality which I believe because they did not have enough instruments to fight the battle . First, Indonesia was not as wealthy as the British, and second, the Indonesians troops did not have as much battle experiences as the British".
Contoh jawaban dalam Bahasa Indonesia; "Berdasarkan teks, kota Surabaya ditaklukan dalam waktu tiga hari dan antara 6,000 hingga 16,000 orang Indonesia meninggal dan di sisi Inggris terdapat sekitar 600 hingga 2,000. Menurut saya pasukan Indonesia besar jumlahnya tetapi memiliki kualitas yang sepadan dan saya yakin penyebabnya adalah karena mereka tidak memiliki instrumen yang sesuai untuk bertempur. Pertama, Indonesia tidak sekaya Inggris, dan kedua, pasukan Indonesia tidak memiliki pengalaman bertarung sebanyak Inggris.
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