Read information about parts of a factual report. Then label the parts of the following text.
Factual reports provide factual information, but exclude opinions. They consist of three parts:
Hippopotamuses are the third biggest mammals after, whales and elephants. They can live both in water and on land because of their ability to adjust their gravity when submerging or walking in the water. [classification]
Male hippopotamuses weight varies from 1,500 kg to 1,800 kg. On the other hand, the female weighs less, around 1,300 kg to 1,500 kg. Older male hippopotamuses can get even bigger, to around 3,200 kg and sometimes even 4,500 kg. Unlike the males, who keeps growing as they get older, the females stop growing approximately when they reach 25 years. On average, hippos are around 3.3 to 5.2 in length. This measurement has included its tail, which is about 56 centimetres long. [ ____ ]
Their eyes, ears, and nostrils are on their heads so they can submerge almost all their body parts in the water. This allows them to cool themselves and avoid sunburn because they are less hairy than other on-land mammals. Hippos also have small legs to help them reduce the water pressure since they mostly spend their time in the water. [ ____ ]
Based on their short and big appearance, it may seem like they are terrible runners. However, in reality, hippos are able to outrun a human on land. Hippos speeds range from 30 km/h to 50 km/h. Sadly, hippos cannot run this fast for a long time. They can only do it for a few hundred metres. [ ____ ]
Hippos are terrestrial-grass-eating mammals whose lifespan ranges from 40 years to 50 years. [ ____ ]
Though young hippos can swim by kicking the water with their hind legs, adult hippos cannot. They usually jump off from the bottom, and their speed is only around 8 km/h. Another difference between young hippos and adult hippos is the time they need to resurface. Adult hippos can stay in the water around 3 minutes to 5 minutes then resurface. On the other hand, young hippos need to resurface every 2 minutes or 3 minutes. The need to resurface to take a breath is automatic. Even when they are sleeping underwater, they will resurface without waking up. When hippos submerge, their nostrils will close instinctively. [ ____ ]
Jawaban dari soal ini adalah:
Soal menanyakan tentang label-label yang cocok untuk tiap paragraf pada teks yang tersedia.
Teks tersebut merupakan Report Text. Struktur Report Text adalah classification dan description.
Classification berisi pernyataan umum tentang objek. Description berisi tentang informasi dan gambaran secara ilmiah tentang objek.
Untuk memberikan label yang cocok pada tiap-tiap paragraf, hal yang harus dilakukan adalah membaca dan memahami isi tiap-tiap paragraf.
Paragraf 1 merupakan classification karena berisi tentang gambaran umum tentang kuda nil.
Paragraf 2 merupakan description of hippos' body size karena berisi tentang ragam berat badan kuda nil.
Paragraf 3 merupakan description of hippos' body part karena berisi tentang penjelasan bagian-bagian tubuh kuda nil.
Paragraf 4 merupakan description of hippos' skill in running karena berisi tentang kemampuan berlari kuda nil.
Paragraf 5 merupakan description of hippos' food karena berisi tentang jenis makanan yang dimakan kuda nil.
Paragraf 6 merupakan description of hippos' skill in swimming karena berisi tentang kemampuan berenang kuda nil.
Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah:
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Divide your class into six groups. Each group will describe one of animals from Indonesia (Javan rhinos, anoa, bekantan, Sumatran tigers, Bali starling, or Komodo dragons). Search for the information ...
Complete the following text. Use the information from the mind map in Activity 12. After that, present your writing in front of the class.
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