Gardenia plants are popular for the strong sweet scent of their flowers. Gardenia is the national flower in Pakistan. In Japan and China, the flower is called Kuchinashi (Japanese) and Zhi zi (Chinese).

Gardenia plants are evergreen shrubs. Their small trees can grow to 1 – 5 meters tall. The leaves are 5 – 50 centimeters long and 3 – 25 centimeters broad, dark green and glossy with a leathery texture. The flowers are in small groups, white, or pale yellow, with 5 – 12 lobes (petals) from 5 – 12 centimeters diameter. They usually bloom in mid-spring to mid-summer. Many species have strong aroma.

To cultivate gardenia as house plant is not easy. This species can be difficult to grow because it originated in warm humid tropical areas. It demands high humidity and bright (not irect) light to thrive. If flourishes in acidic soil with good drainage and thrives on 20⁰ – 23⁰ C during the day and 15⁰ – 16⁰ C in the evening. Potting soils developed specifically for gardenias are available. It grows no larger than 18 inches in height and width when grown indoor. In climates where it can be grown outdoors,it can reach the height of 6 feet. If water hits the flowers,  they will turn brown.


From the text we know that …..

  1. people don’t like the strong scent of flower

  2. Gardenia is widespread in Asia

  3. the flower is easy to plant

  4. the flower is expensive

M. Ardini

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jawaban terverifikasi


Jawaban (people don’t like the strong scent of flower) dan (the flower is expensive) merupakan jawaban yang tidak tepat karena pernyataaan pada kedua opsi tersebut tidak tertera dalam bacaan. Jawaban (the flower is easy to plant) juga jawaban yang salah karena pernyataan tersebut berlawanan dengan apa yang ada di dalam bacaan yaitu “It is not easy to plant gardenia…”. Maka jawaban (Gardenia is widespread in Asia) adalah jawaban yang tepat karena Gardenia banyak tumbuh di benua Asia. Hal ini dapat dilihat pada paragraf pertama yang menyatakan Gardenia tumbuh dan berkembang di Negara-negara Asia seperti Pakistan Jepang dan Cina.


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