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Although gluten has gained a bad reputation, the majority of people would struggle to explain what it actually is. The truth is that gluten is just a mixture of proteins found in the seeds of certain cereal plants: wheat, rye and barley. Gluten is stored in a tissue inside the seed called the endosperm, which surrounds the plant embryo and provides a dense source of energy as the plant starts to grow. In wheat, gluten is formed when the proteins glutenin and gliadin cross-link into a net-like structure that provides elasticity (stretchiness) and viscosity (thickness).     Once food reaches the stomach it must be broken down by enzymes in the process of digestion. Large proteins are broken up into chains of amino acids called peptides. Normally these peptides are easily broken down further; however, the gliadin peptides in gluten are difficult to break down as they are part of a group of peptides called prolamins. Prolamins are made up of lots of glutamine and proline amino acids, which digestive enzymes have difficulty breaking up. This means that unlike most proteins gluten digestion can leave strands of amino acids intact in the small intestine. These strands can be up to 10 amino acids long and are known as oligopeptides. For most people gliadin oligopeptides are harmless. However, a small proportion ofthe population will produce an immune response known as coeliac disease, a condition caused by the body'simmune systems mistakenly attacking itself. Coeliac disease is caused by a reputation to gluten. This passage would probably be assigned reading in which of the following course?

Pertanyaan

    Although gluten has gained a bad reputation, the majority of people would struggle to explain what it actually is. The truth is that gluten is just a mixture of proteins found in the seeds of certain cereal plants: wheat, rye and barley. Gluten is stored in a tissue inside the seed called the endosperm, which surrounds the plant embryo and provides a dense source of energy as the plant starts to grow. In wheat, gluten is formed when the proteins glutenin and gliadin cross-link into a net-like structure that provides elasticity (stretchiness) and viscosity (thickness).

    Once food reaches the stomach it must be broken down by enzymes in the process of digestion. Large proteins are broken up into chains of amino acids called peptides. Normally these peptides are easily broken down further; however, the gliadin peptides in gluten are difficult to break down as they are part of a group of peptides called prolamins. Prolamins are made up of lots of glutamine and proline amino acids, which digestive enzymes have difficulty breaking up. This means that unlike most proteins gluten digestion can leave strands of amino acids intact in the small intestine. These strands can be up to 10 amino acids long and are known as oligopeptides. For most people gliadin oligopeptides are harmless. However, a small proportion ofthe population will produce an immune response known as coeliac disease, a condition caused by the body'simmune systems mistakenly attacking itself. Coeliac disease is caused by a reputation to gluten.


This passage would probably be assigned reading in which of the following course?

  1. Nutrition

  2. Agronomy

  3. Physical Education

  4. Chemical Engineering

  5. Materials Science

B. Atlaliust

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Medan

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang tepat adalah A.

Pembahasan

Soal ini menanyakan tentang pada bidang apakah tulisan ini biasanya diterbitkan?

Dalam memilih topik besar disarankan untuk membaca dengan cermat dan mengetahui gagasan utama dari tiap paragraf. Kemudian bacalah opsi pilihan yang kira-kira dapat merangkup gagasan tersebut.

Perhatikan kalimat berikut:

  • Once food reaches the stomach it must be broken down by enzymes in the process of digestion. Large proteins are broken up into chains of amino acids called peptides. ​​​​​Kalimat ini menggambarkan tentang kandungan yang ada dalam gluten.
     
  • This means that unlike most proteins gluten digestion can leave strands of amino acids intact in the small intestine. Kalimat ini menggambarkan beberapa nutrisi yang terkandung dalam gluten.

Karena banyaknya penjabarana tentang kandungan nutrisi dari gluten, maka dari itu, dapat disimpulkan kalau tulisan ini biasa dibaca dalam bidang Nutrition

Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah A.

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