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Agroecologists do not always agree about what agro...

Agroecologists do not always agree about what agroecology is or should be in the long-term. Different definitions of the term agroecology can be distinguished largely by the specificity with which one defines the them "ecology," as well as the term's potential political connotations. Definitions of agroecology, therefore, may be first grouped according to the specific contexts within which they situate agriculture. Agroecology is defined as "the study of the relation of agricultural crops and environment." This definition refers to the "-ecology" part of "agroecology" narrowly as the nahiral environment. Following this definition, an agroecologist would study agriculture's various relationship with soil health, water quality, air quality, meso- and micro-sauna, surrounding flora, environmental, toxins, and other environmental contexs.

A more common definition of the word can be taken from Dalgaard et al., who refer to agroecology as the study of the interaction between plants, animals, humans, and the environment within agricultural systems. Consequently, agroecology is inherently multidisciplinary, including factors from agronomy, ecology, sociology, economics and relate disciplines. In this case, the "ecology" portion of "agroecology" is defined broadly to include social, cultural, and economic contexts as well.

In the global south, the term often carries overtly political connotations. Such political definitions of the term usually ascribe to it the goals of social and economic justice; special attention, in this case, is often paid to the traditional farming knowledge of indigenous populations. North American and European uses of the term sometimes avoid the inclusion of such overtly political goals. In these cases, agroecology is seen more strictly as a scientific discipline with less specific social goals.

Based on the passage above, if someone is a genuine agroecologist, he/she will likely .....

  1. examine social, cultural, and economic aspects

  2. do research on environmental and political loads

  3. include scientific methodology in his/her approach

  4. put aside social aspects in his/her ecological studies

  5. make use of multidisciplinary analyses in his/her inquiry

Jawaban:

Pada paragraf ke-2 dibahas mengenai definisi agroekologi yang meliputi berbagai disiplin ilmu (multidisciplinary), oleh karena itu, jika ada seorang agroekologis sejati maka seharusnya ia akan menggunakan berbagai konteks seperti social, cultural, economic, dan lainnya untuk mendukung penelitiannya, maka jawaban E yang paling tepat.

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