Agroecologists do not always agree about what agroecology is or should be in the long term. Different definitions of the term agroecology can be distinguished largely by the specificity with which one defines the term “ecology”, as well as the term’s potential political connotations. Definition of agroecology, therefore may be first grouped according to the specific contexts within which they situate agriculture. Agroecology is defined as “the study of the relation of agricultural crops and environment. Following this definition, agroecologis would study agriculture’s various relationships with soil health, water quality, air quality, meso–and micro—fauna, surrounding flora, environmental toxins, and other environmental contexts.
A more common definition of the word can be taken from Dalgaard et al., who refer agroecology as the study of the interactions between plants, animals, humans and environment within agricultural system. Consequently, agroecology is inherently multidisciplinary, including factor from agronomy, ecology, sociology, economics and related disciplines. In this case, the ‘-ecology” portion of “agroecology” is defined broadly to include social, cultural, and economic contexts as well.
In global south, the term often carries overtly political connotations. Such political definitions of the term usually ascribe to it the goals of social and economic justice; special attention, in this case, is often paid to the traditional farming knowledge of indigenous populations. North American and European uses of the term sometimes avoid the inclusion of such overtly political goals. In these case, agroecology is seen more strictly as a scientific discipline with less specific social goals.
The points provided in paragraph 3 of the passage explain that....
interpreting agroecology needs to include political sides
agroecology is associated geographically and politically
different places tend to define agroecology scientifically
people's aspirations of agroecology differs significantly
no body can define agroecology with scientific precision
Pada paragraf 3 dijelaskan bahwa orang-orang memiliki definisi yang berbeda mengenai agroekologi berdasarkan aspirasi mereka dan tergantung dari tempat tinggal, serta keadaan di tempat tinggal mereka tersebut. Pada paragraf tersebut, dipaparkan contoh dari perbedaan penggunaan istilah agroekologi di wilayah bumi bagian selatan (The global south) dengan di Amerika Utara dan Eropa, maka jawaban D yang tepat.
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