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Write down two examples of Passive Voice in the second paragraph of text 2.

Pertanyaan

Read the following text and answer the question!
 

How Does Rain From and What Is The Water Cycle?

    Let's look at the size of rain and how raindrops fall first. We’ll need the Sun when the Sun shines on water on the Earth's surface, the heat of the Sun warms the water turning it into an invisible gas called water vapour.

    This process the changing of water into a gas is called evaporation because gases are lighter than liquids. Water vapor rises up into the sky and the further you move up and away from the Earth's surface the colder temperature gets, so in the sky the water vapor cools and changes back into tiny water droplets. This change is called condensation, and it is the opposite of evaporation.

    Clouds are made up of tiny water droplets so when condensation occurs in the sky clouds form and grow. When water droplets bump into one another they stick together and grow in size they continue to grow until they are too heavy and fall as rain. They even grows they bump into one another on their journey fromthe cloud to the ground and every single raindrop that reaches the ground is made up of 1 million of the original tiny water droplets.

    Raindrops fall on the ground surface or the Sun can shine on them and the whole process happens again. This is called the water cycle and keeps water moving from the ground to the sky providing the water needed for plants animals and people to survive.

(Source: Met Office- Weather https //youtu.be/thnKgwart7i4)

Write down two examples of Passive Voice in the second paragraph of text 2.

D. Yaniar

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang tepat adalah "This process the changing of  water into a gas is called evaporation." dan "This change is called evaporation."

Pembahasan

Soal ini meminta untuk mencari dua kalimat pasif yang ada di teks 2.

Jika dilihat dari judul teks "How Does Rain From and What Is The Water Cycle?" yang artinya "Bagaimana Hujan Berasal Dari dan Apa Itu Siklus Air?", maka teks tersebut merupakan explanation text.

Salah satu fitur bahasa atau language feature pada explanation text adalah Simple Present Tense. Oleh karena itu, kalimat pasif yang terdapat pada teks juga berbentuk kalimat pasif Simple Present Tense.

Polanya adalah S + am/are/is + V3 + by + O + Adverb. Sehingga, dua contoh kalimat pasif yang bisa didapatkan pada teks 2 antara lain:

  1. This process the changing of  water into a gas is called evaporation. Terjemahannya adalah "Proses perubahan air menjadi gas ini disebut penguapan."
     
  2. This change is called evaporation. Terjemahannya adalah "Perubahan ini disebut penguapan."

Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah "This process the changing of  water into a gas is called evaporation." dan "This change is called evaporation."

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