What is the purpose of the text?

Pertanyaan

Choose a, b, c, or d for the correct answer. Read the following text.

The text is for questions 1-10.
 

Elephants

Of the two species, African elephants are divided into two subspecies (savannah and forest), while the Asian elephant is divided into four subspecies (Sri Lankan, Indian, Sumatran and Borneo). Asian elephants have been very important to Asian culture for thousands of years - they have been domesticated and are used for religious festivals, transportation and to move heavy objects.

    African savannah elephants are found in savannah zones in 37 countries south of the Sahara Desert. African forest elephants inhabit the dense rainforests of west and central Africa. The Asian elephant is found in India, Sri Lanka, China and much of Southeast Asia.

    At the turn of the 20th century, there were a few million African elephants and about 1 00,000 Asian elephants. Today, there are an estimated 450,000 - 700,000 African elephants and between 35,000 - 40,000 wild Asian elephants.

    Elephants eat grasses, leaves, bamboo, bark, roots. Elephants are also known to eat crops like banana and sugarcane which are grown by farmers. Adult elephants eat 300-400 lbs of food per day.

    Elephants are extremely intelligent animals and have memories that span many years. It is this memory that serves matriarchs well during dry seasons when they need to guide their herds, sometimes for tens of miles, to watering holes that they remember from the past. They also display signs of grief, joy, anger and play.

    Recent discoveries have shown that elephants can communicate over long distances by producing a sub-sonic rumble that can travel over the ground faster than sound through air. Other elephants receive the messages through the sensitive skin on their feet and trunks. It is believed that this is how potential mates and social groups communicate.

Source: https:/!difenders.org!ekplumt/bask{acts

What is the purpose of the text?

  1. to describe an elephant

  2. to tell how to raise an elepant

  3. to deliver some information about elephant

  4. to entertain the readers

D. Putri

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang benar adalah C. "to deliver some information about elephant."

Pembahasan

Soal ini menanyakan apa tujuan dari teks tersebut.

Teks tersebut merupakan teks report yang menceritakan tentang gajah Asia dan Afrika, bagaimana gajah bertumbuh, dan bagaimana gajah berkomunikasi.

Fungsi dari teks report adalah untuk menyampaikan informasi tentang suatu hal, dalam hal ini adalah gajah.

Jadi, jawaban yang tepat tentang tujuan dari teks pada soal adalah "untuk menyampaikan beberapa informasi tentang gajah".

Dengan demikian, jawaban yang benar adalah C. "to deliver some information about elephant."

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