What is generic structure of "once upon a time there lived a group of mice under a tree in peace"?

Pertanyaan

The Rats and The Elephants

    Once upon a time their lived a group of mice under a tree in peace. However, a group of elephants crossing the jungle unknowingly destroyed the homes of all the rats. Many of them were even crushed to death.

    Then taking of rats decided to approach the elephant's chief and request him to guide his herd through another route. On hearing the sad story, the elephant's king apologized and agreed to take another route. And so the lives of the rats were saved.

    One day elephant-hunters came to the jungle and trapped a group of elephants in huge nets. Then the elephant king suddenly remembered the king of the rats. He summoned on of the elephants of his herd, which had not been trapped, to go seek help from the king and told him about the trapped elephants.

    The rat's king immediately took his entire group of rats and they cut open the nets which had trapped the elephant's herd. The elephant herd was totally set free. They danced with joy and thank the rats.

What is generic structure of "once upon a time there lived a group of mice under a tree in peace"? 

  1. Identification

  2. Orientation

  3. Complication

  4. Resolution

  5. Description

N. Supriyaningsih

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang tepat adalah pilihan B.

Pembahasan

Teks di atas merupakan salah satu bentuk dari narrative text. Narrative text adalah cerita non fiksi yang bisa berbentuk dongeng, mitos, cerita rakyat, cerita binatang, dan lain sebagainya yang bertujuan untuk menghibur pembacanya. Pada umumnya teks ini disampaikan secara kronologis dengan struktur antara lain orientation, complication, resolution, dan reorientation. Kalimat "Once upon a time there lived a group of mice under a tree in peace" yang berarti "suatu ketika hiduplah sekelompok tikus di bawah pohon dengan damai" merupakan struktur orientation karena terletak pada paragraf pertama. Selain itu, orientation adalah paragraf yang berisi tentang pengenalan para karakter, kapan terjadinya sebuah peristiwa, latar belakang cerita, dan penjelasan lainnya agar pembaca paham dan kenal dengan dimensi dalam cerita. Dengan demikian, kalimat tersebut merupakan bagian dari struktur orientation.

Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah pilihan B.

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