This text is for questions 40 to 43.
The Coronavirus Pandemic is Making Earth Vibrate Less
(CNN, April 3, 2020): Once-crowded city streets are now empty. Highway traffic has slowed to a minimum. And fewer and fewer people can be found milling about outside.
Global containment measures to combat the spread of the coronavirus have seemingly made the work:l much quieter. Scientists are noticing it, too.
Around the world, seismologists are observing a lot less ambient seismic noise-meaning, the vibrations generated by cars, trains, buses and people going about their daily lives. And in the absence of that noise; Earth's upper crust is moving just a little less.
Thomas Lecocq, a geologist and seismologist at the Royal Observatory in Belgium, first pointed out this phenomenon in Brussels.
Brussels is seeing about a 30% to 50% reduction in ambient seismjc noise since mid-March, around the time the country started implementing school and business closures and other social distancing measures, according to Lecocq. That noise level is on par with what seismologists woukl see on Christmas Day, he said
The reduction in noise has had a particularly interesting effect in Brussels: Lecocq and other seismologists are able to detect smaller earthquakes and other seismic vents that certain seismic stations wouldn't have registered.
Take, for example, the seismic station in Brussels. In normal times, Lecocq said, it's "basically useless" Seismic stations are typically set up outside urban areas, because the reduced human noise makes it easier to pick up on subtle vibrations in the ground The one in Brussels, however, was built more than a century ago and the city has since expanded around it.
The daily hum of city life means that the station in Brussels wouldn't typically pick up on smaller seismic events. Seismologists would instead rely on a separate borehole station, which uses a pipe deep in the ground to monitor seismic activity.
"But for the moment, because of the city's quietness, it's almost as good as the one on the bottom," Lecocq said
Seismologists in other cities are seeing similar effects in their own cities.
(Adopted from: Harmeet Kaur, https:/ /edition.cnn.com/2020/04/02/workJ.jcoronavirus-earth-seismic-noise-scn-trnd/index.html (April 11, 2020))
What is the direct impact of a little less Earth's upper crust movement?
The summer and dry season occur longer.
Only smaller earthquakes were detected
The wind doesn't blow hard
The Earth moves a little slower.
We feel that the weather. is much hotter.
Soal ini berarti "Apa dampak langsung dari berkurangnya pergerakan kerak bumi bagian atas?" Efeknya bisa dilihat dari kalimat ini. The reduction in noise has had a particularly interesting effect in Brussels: Lecocq and other seismologists are able to detect smaller earthquakes and other seismic events that certain seismic stations wouldn't have registered. (Pengurangan kebisingan memiliki efek yang sangat menarik di Brussel: Lecocq dan seismolog lainnya dapat mendeteksi gempa bumi yang lebih kecil dan peristiwa seismik lainnya yang tidak akan dicatat oleh stasiun seismik tertentu.)
Dengan demikan, jawabannya B.
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Terakhir diupdate 12 Februari 2021
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