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Questions 57 - 60 are based on this passage.


    Archaeology as a profession faces two major problems. First, it is the poorest of the poor. Only paltry sums are available for excavating and even less is available for publishing the results and preserving the sites once excavated. Yet archaeologists deal with priceless objects every day. Second, there is the problem of illegal excavation, resulting in museum-quality pieces being sold to the highest bidder.

    I would like to make an outrageous suggestion that would at one stroke provide funds for archaeology and reduce the amount of illegal digging. I would propose that scientific archeological expeditions and governmental authorities sell excavated artifacts on the open market. Such sales would provide substantial funds for the excavation and preservation of archaeological sites and the publication of results. At the same time, they would break the illegal excavator's grip on the market, thereby decreasing the inducement to engage in illegal activities.

    You might object that professionals excavate to acquire knowledge, not money. Moreover, ancient artifacts are part of our global cultural heritage, which should be available for all to appreciate, not sold to the highest bidder. I agree. Sell nothing that has unique artistic merit or scientific value. But, you might reply, everything that comes out of the ground has scientific value. Here we part company. Theoretically, you may be correct in claiming that every artifact has potential scientific value. Practically, you are wrong.

    I refer to the thousands of pottery vessels and ancient lamps that are essentially duplicates of one another. In one small excavation in Cyprus, archaeologists recently uncovered 2,000 virtually indistinguishable small jugs in a single courtyard, even precious royal seal impressions known as I'melekh handles have been found in abundance-more than 4,000 examples so far.

    The basements of museums are simply not large enough to store the artifacts that are likely to be discovered in the future. There is not enough money even to catalogue the finds; as a result, they cannot be found again and become as inaccessible as if they had never been discovered. Indeed, with the help of a computer, sold artifacts could be more accessible than are the pieces stored in bulging museum basements. Prior to sale, each could be photographed and the list of the purchasers could be maintained on the computer. A purchaser could even be required to agree to return the piece if it should become needed for scientific purposes. It would be unrealistic to suggest that illegal digging would stop if artifactS were sold in the open market. But the demand for the clandestine product would be substantially reduced. Who would want an unmarked pot when another was available whose provenance was known, and that was dated stratigraphically by the professional archaeologist who excavated it?

Source: gmatclub.com

Theprimary purpose of the passage is to propose ....

The primary purpose of the passage is to propose ....

  1. an alternative to museum display of artifacts.

  2. a way to curb illegal digging while benefiting the archaeological profession.

  3. a way to distinguish artifacts with the scientific value from those that have no such value.

  4. the governmental regulation of archaeological sites.

  5. the professional archaeologist to found artifacts again.

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D. Putri

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang benar adalah B.

jawaban yang benar adalah B.

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Pembahasan

Jawaban yang benar adalah B. Soal menanyakan "Tujuan utama dari teks adalah untuk mengusulkan ____." Untuk mengetahui tujuan dari teks, perlu dipahami isi keseluruhan. Paragraf pertama menjelaskan tentang dua masalah utama yang dihadapi arkeolog yaitu kurangnya dana dan penggalian liar. Paragraf ke dua menjelaskan saran penulis untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut dengan cara menjual hasil galian di pasar terbuka untuk membangun dana bagi arkeolog. Selain itu, pada paragraf-paragraf selanjutnyadijelaskan alasan dari usulan tersebut juga dampaknya. Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan teks bertujuan memberi jalan untuk mengendalikan penggalian ilegal namun juga menguntungkan arkeolog (a way to curb illegal digging while benefiting the archaeological profession). Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B.

Jawaban yang benar adalah B.

Soal menanyakan "Tujuan utama dari teks adalah untuk mengusulkan ____."

Untuk mengetahui tujuan dari teks, perlu dipahami isi keseluruhan.

Paragraf pertama menjelaskan tentang dua masalah utama yang dihadapi arkeolog yaitu kurangnya dana dan penggalian liar. Paragraf ke dua menjelaskan saran penulis untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut dengan cara menjual hasil galian di pasar terbuka untuk membangun dana bagi arkeolog. Selain itu, pada paragraf-paragraf selanjutnya dijelaskan alasan dari usulan tersebut juga dampaknya.

Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan teks bertujuan memberi jalan untuk mengendalikan penggalian ilegal namun juga menguntungkan arkeolog (a way to curb illegal digging while benefiting the archaeological profession).

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B.

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Bedah Tipe Soal General Information (NEW!)

Konsep Kilat Specific Information (NEW!)

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