Prediksi 2 TPS
Rivalry among businesses and service industries is called competition. This feature of a market economy encourages business to improve their goods and services, keep their prices affordable, and offer new products to attract more buyers.
There are four basic types of competition in business that form a continuum from pure competition through monopolistic competition and oligopoly to monopoly. At one end of the continuum, pure competition results when every company has a similar product. Companies that deal in commodities such as wheat or corn are often involved in pure competition. In pure competition, it is often the ease and efficiency of distribution that influences purchase.
In contrast, in monopolistic competition, several companies may complete for the sale of items that may be substituted. The classic example of monopolistic competition is coffee and tea. If the prices of cone perceived 35 too high, consumers may begin to purchase the ether Coupons and other discounts are often used as apart of a marketing strategy to influence sales.
Oligopoly occurs when a few companies dominate the sales of product or service. For example, only five airline carriers control more than 70% of tikes sales in the United States. In Oligopoly, serious competition is not considered desirable because it would result in reduced revenue for every company in the group. Although price wars do occur in which all companies offer substantial savings for customers a somewhat similar tendency to raise prices simultaneously is also usual
Finally, monopoly occurs when only one firm Sells the product. Some monopoles have been tolerated for producers of goods and services that have been considered basic or essential inching electricity and water In these cases, it is government control rather than competition that protects and
Influences sales. The following chart represents the competition continuum.
(Taken from: BARRON'S Practice Exercises for The TOEFL 6th Edition, 2007)
The followings are true about the passage, except ____.
there are four types of competition in business and service industries
monopolistic competition may happen when a company sells two products that can be the substitution for each other
the government's control in some natural sources is the example of monopolistic competition
monopoly may happen when there is only one company which sells theproduct
oligopoly may happen when one firm is dominated among the other firms in selling a product or service
Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
Jawaban yang benar adalah C.
Perintah pada soal adalah menjawab pertanyaan berdasarkan bacaan. Terjemahan dari soal adalah "Berikut ini yang benar tentang bagian tersebut, kecuali ____."
Pada bacaan terdapat kalimat "Some monopolies have been tolerated for producers of goods and services that have been considered basic or essential including electricity and water. In these cases, it is government control, rather than the competition, that protects and influences sales." yang artinya "Beberapa monopoli telah ditoleransi untuk produsen barang dan jasa yang telah dianggap dasar atau esensial termasuk listrik dan air. Dalam kasus ini, kontrol pemerintah, bukan persaingan, yang melindungi dan mempengaruhi penjualan."
Dari kalimat ini, dapat disimpulkan jika pernyataan yang benar adalah kontrol pemerintah di beberapa sumber alam adalah contoh persaingan monopolistik atau "the government's control in some natural sources is the example of monopolistic competition."
Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah C.
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