Roboguru

The following text is for questions 41 to 43.     Okutama, Japan (CNN). Four years ago, Naoko and Takayuki lda were given a house. For free. It's a spacious, two-storey home nestled amid trees on a winding country road in the small town of Okutama, in Tokyo Prefecture. Before moving, the couple and their children-two teenagers and a five-year-old-were all living with Naoko's parents.     "We had to do a lot of repair work (on our new home), but we'd always wanted to live in the countryside and have a big garden," said Naoko, 45.     A free house may sound like a scam. But Japan faces an unusual property problem: it has more homes than people to live in them.     ln 2013, there were 61 million houses and 52 million households, according to the Japan Policy Forum, and the situation is poised to get worse.     Japan's population is expected to decline from 127 million to about 88 million by 2065, according to the National Institute of Population and Social Security, meaning even fewer people will need houses. As young people leave rural areas for city jobs, Japan's countryside has become haunted by deserted "ghost" houses, known as "akiya."     It's predicted that by 2040, nearly 900 towns and villages across Japan will no longer exist - and Okutama is one of them. In that context, giving away property is a bid for survival.     "In 2014, we discovered that Okutama was one of three Tokyo (prefecture) towns expected to vanish by 2040," says Kazutaka Niijima, an official with the Okutama Youth Revitalization (OYR) department, a government body set up to repopulate the town. (Adopted from: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/12/05/asia/japanvacant-akiya-ghost-homes/index.html (April 25, 2019)) What is the subject of the text?

Pertanyaan

The following text is for questions 41 to 43.


    Okutama, Japan (CNN). Four years ago, Naoko and Takayuki lda were given a house. For free. It's a spacious, two-storey home nestled amid trees on a winding country road in the small town of Okutama, in Tokyo Prefecture. Before moving, the couple and their children-two teenagers and a five-year-old-were all living with Naoko's parents.

    "We had to do a lot of repair work (on our new home), but we'd always wanted to live in the countryside and have a big garden," said Naoko, 45.

    A free house may sound like a scam. But Japan faces an unusual property problem: it has more homes than people to live in them.

    ln 2013, there were 61 million houses and 52 million households, according to the Japan Policy Forum, and the situation is poised to get worse.

    Japan's population is expected to decline from 127 million to about 88 million by 2065, according to the National Institute of Population and Social Security, meaning even fewer people will need houses. As young people leave rural areas for city jobs, Japan's countryside has become haunted by deserted "ghost" houses, known as "akiya."

    It's predicted that by 2040, nearly 900 towns and villages across Japan will no longer exist - and Okutama is one of them. In that context, giving away property is a bid for survival.

    "In 2014, we discovered that Okutama was one of three Tokyo (prefecture) towns expected to vanish by 2040," says Kazutaka Niijima, an official with the Okutama Youth Revitalization (OYR) department, a government body set up to repopulate the town.

(Adopted from: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/12/05/asia/japanvacant-akiya-ghost-homes/index.html (April 25, 2019))


What is the subject of the text?space 

  1. Japenese people may get homes for free. undefined 

  2. Japenese people begin leaving their homes.

  3. Many houses in rural Japan are uninhabited.undefined 

  4. There are more houses than the population.undefined 

  5. Demand for houses in Japan is getting smaller.undefined 

Pembahasan Soal:

Arti dari kalimat pertanyaan soal di atas adalah "Apa subjek pada teks berikut?"

Pada soal kali ini kita ditugaskan mencari ide pokok teks pada soal. Ide pokok teks dapat ditemukan dengan melihat ide pokok di setiap paragraf, dan kata kunci (keyword). Pada teks soal kali ini, kata kuncinya adalah house dan population. Artinya, teks ini membahas hubungan antara jumlah rumah dan populasi di Jepang.

Selanjutnya, kita menghubungkan ide pokok setiap paragraf untuk menyimpulkan ide pokok pada teks. Pada paragraf pertama dibahas "Empat tahun lalu, Naoko dan Takayuki lda diberi rumah. Gratis. Ini adalah rumah dua lantai yang luas yang terletak di tengah pepohonan di jalan pedesaan yang berkelok-kelok di kota kecil Okutama, di Prefektur Tokyo."

Namun, jika dilihat di paragraf selanjutnya pemberian rumah gratis tersebut berhubungan dengan ide pokok di paragraf selanjutnya, yaitu paragraf kelima. "Japan's population is expected to decline from 127 million to about 88 million by 2065, according to the National Institute of Population and Social Security, meaning even fewer people will need houses". Artinya, "jumlah penduduk di Jepang berkurang dari 127 juta orang menjadi 88 juta orang di tahun 2065, yang artinya semakin sedikit orang yang membutuhkan tempat tinggal".

Jadi, jika kita menggabungkan ide pokok di setiap paragraf dapat disimpulkan ide pokok pada teks soal ini adalah Penduduk Jepang kemungkinan mendapatkan rumah secara cuma-cuma atau "Japanese may get homes for free".

Dengan demikian, jawaban yang tepat adalah A.undefined 

Pembahasan terverifikasi oleh Roboguru

Terakhir diupdate 19 Mei 2021

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