The following text is for questions 40 to 43.
Cambodia and Thailand Reconnected by Rail After 45 years
A railway reconnecting Cambodia and Thailand was officially inaugurated on Monday, April 22 in a bid to slash travel times and boost trade between the South-east Asian neighbors.
Cambodian premier Hun Sen and his Thai counterpart Prayut Chan-O-Cha witnessed a signing ceremony at a Thai border post before riding together to the. Cambodian town of Poipet on a train donated by Thailand.
The pair stepped from the carriage in Poipet with their clasped hands held high to the cheers of waiting crowds, waving flags of both countries.
Hun Sen described their journey as "historic" and thanked Thailand for its efforts "to reconnect the railway between Cambodia and Thailand".
The railway would also better link his country to other South-east Asian neighbors and boost economy and trade, he added.
A bilateral trade between Thailand and Cambodia currently stands at US$6 billion.
Cambodia last year re-opened the final stretch of a 370-kilometer railway running from the capital, Phnom Penh, to the Thai border.
The Asian Development Bank bankrolled the reconstruction of the link to the tune of US$ 13 million.
Much of Cambodia's railways-built by the French in colonial times-were damaged by the years of bitter conflict that engulfed the country during the Cold War era.
The 48 kilometers sectin of track near Poipet was destroyed in 1973 while the rest of the track to Phnom Penh had been suspended for over a decade due to its poor condition.
Cambodia has more than 600 kilometers of track extending from its northern border with Thailand to the southern coast.
(Adopted from: https://www.thejakartapost.com/travel/201 9/04/23/cambodia-and-thailand-reconnected-by-rail-after-45-years.html (April 6, 2019))
What can be inferred from the text?
The two countries were in a war with France before.
Many railways in Thailand have damaged.
The railway will end the conflict between the two countries.
More railways will also be built in the neighboring countries.
The railway will have huge impacts on Southeast Asia countries.
Arti dari kalimat pertanyaan soal di atas adalah "Apa yang bisa disimpulkan dari teks tersebut?"
Teks di atas merupakan News Item Text yang mana memiliki struktur sebagai berikut: Newsworthy event, Background event, dan Source. Teks berita sudah pasti bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi akan suatu peristiwa. Untuk dapat mengetahui inti informasi yang terkandung dalam teks berita, kita dapat melihat pada struktur newsworthy event yang biasanya terletak pada paragraf pertama, yaitu "A railway reconnecting Cambodia and Thailand was officially inaugurated on Monday, April 22 in a bid to slash travel times and boost trade between the South-east Asian neighbors." Jika kalimat ini diartikan menjadi "Kereta api yang menghubungkan kembali Kamboja dan Thailand secara resmi diresmikan pada Senin, 22 April dalam upaya untuk memangkas waktu perjalanan dan meningkatkan perdagangan antara tetangga Asia Tenggara"
Selain itu, kata kunci tersebut juga terdapat pada paragraf kelima yang berbunyi "The railway would also better link his country to other South-east Asian neighbors and boost economy and trade, ... " diartikan menjadi "Kereta api juga akan menghubungkan negaranya dengan lebih baik ke tetangga Asia Tenggara lainnya dan meningkatkan ekonomi dan perdagangan".
Sehingga, dapat disimpulkan bahwa kereta api akan berdampak besar bagi negara-negara Asia Tenggara.
Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah E.
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