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Pertanyaan

The following text is for questions 16 to 20.


    (CNN) Stephen Hawking, the brilliant British theoretical physicist who overcame a debilitating disease to publish wildly popular books probing the mysteries of the universe, has died, according to a family spokesman. He was 76. Considered by many to be the world's greatest living scientist, Hawking was also a cosmologist, astronomer, mathematician; and author of numerous books including the landmark "A Brief History of Time," which has sold more than 10 million copies.

    With fellow physicist Roger Penrose, Hawking merged Einstein's theory of relativity with quantum theory to suggest that space and time would begin with the Big Bang and end in black holes. Hawking also discovered that black holes were not completely black but emit radiation and would likely eventually evaporate and disappear.

    "A star just went out in the cosmos," Lawrence Krauss, a theoretical physicist and cosmologist, wrote on Twitter." We have lost an amazing human being."

    Hawking suffered from ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease, which is usually fatal within a few years. He was diagnosed in 1963, when he was 21, and doctors initially gave him only a few years to live.

    The disease left Hawking wheelchair-bound and paralyzed. He was able to move only a few fingers on one hand and was completely dependent on others or on technology for virtually everything- bathing, dressing, eating, even speech.

    Hawking used a speech synthesizer that allowed him to speak in a computerized voice with an American accent.

    "I try to lead as normal a life as possible, and not think about my condition, or regret the things it prevents me from doing, which are not that many," he wrote on his website.

    "I have been lucky that my condition has progressed more slowly than is often the case, but it shows that one need not lose hope."

(Adopted from: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/03/14/health/stephen-hawking-dead/index.html (April 14, 2019))


Which of the following statements is mentioned in the text?undefined 

  1. Stephen Hawking could only move his left hand.undefined 

  2. Many ALS patients only have a short time to survive.undefined 

  3. Stephen Hawking had been paralyzed since 21 years ago.undefined 

  4. Stephen Hawking worked for Roger Penrose in discovering black holes.undefined 

  5. A Brief History of Time was written by Stephen Hawking and his colleagues.undefined 

W. RF

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Pembahasan

Teks pada soal ini dapat dikategorikan sebagai News Item atau teks berita yang melaporkan meninggalnya ilmuwan Stephen Hawking, lalu pada soal ini juga terdapat pertanyaan "Pernyataan mana yang disebutkan di dalam teks?". 

Pernyataan yang dapat ditemukan di dalam teks adalah mengenai kesintasan pengidap ALS yang dapat ditemukan pada kalimat pertama paragraf kelima yang berbunyi "Hawking suffered from ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease, which is usually fatal within a few years" yang apabila diterjemahkan ke Bahasa Indonesia akan berbunyi "Hawking mengidap ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), sebuah penyakit neurodegeneratif yang juga dikenal sebagai penyakit Lou Gehrig, yang biasanya menyebabkan kematian dalam beberapa tahun." Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa banyak pasien ALS hanya memiliki waktu yang singkat untuk bertahan hidup (Many ALS patients only have a short time to survive).

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah B..undefined 

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