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The following text is for questions 16 to 20.     (CNN) Stephen Hawking, the brilliant British theoretical physicist who overcame a debilitating disease to publish wildly popular books probing the mysteries of the universe, has died, according to a family spokesman. He was 76. Considered by many to be the world's greatest living scientist, Hawking was also a cosmologist, astronomer, mathematician; and author of numerous books including the landmark "A Brief History of Time," which has sold more than 10 million copies.     With fellow physicist Roger Penrose, Hawking merged Einstein's theory of relativity with quantum theory to suggest that space and time would begin with the Big Bang and end in black holes. Hawking also discovered that black holes were not completely black but emit radiation and would likely eventually evaporate and disappear.     "A star just went out in the cosmos," Lawrence Krauss, a theoretical physicist and cosmologist, wrote on Twitter." We have lost an amazing human being."     Hawking suffered from ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease, which is usually fatal within a few years. He was diagnosed in 1963, when he was 21, and doctors initially gave him only a few years to live.     The disease left Hawking wheelchair-bound and paralyzed. He was able to move only a few fingers on one hand and was completely dependent on others or on technology for virtually everything- bathing, dressing, eating, even speech.     Hawking used a speech synthesizer that allowed him to speak in a computerized voice with an American accent.     "I try to lead as normal a life as possible, and not think about my condition, or regret the things it prevents me from doing, which are not that many," he wrote on his website.     "I have been lucky that my condition has progressed more slowly than is often the case, but it shows that one need not lose hope." (Adopted from: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/03/14/health/stephen-hawking-dead/index.html (April 14, 2019)) What can we learn from Stephen Hawking?

Pertanyaan

The following text is for questions 16 to 20.


    (CNN) Stephen Hawking, the brilliant British theoretical physicist who overcame a debilitating disease to publish wildly popular books probing the mysteries of the universe, has died, according to a family spokesman. He was 76. Considered by many to be the world's greatest living scientist, Hawking was also a cosmologist, astronomer, mathematician; and author of numerous books including the landmark "A Brief History of Time," which has sold more than 10 million copies.

    With fellow physicist Roger Penrose, Hawking merged Einstein's theory of relativity with quantum theory to suggest that space and time would begin with the Big Bang and end in black holes. Hawking also discovered that black holes were not completely black but emit radiation and would likely eventually evaporate and disappear.

    "A star just went out in the cosmos," Lawrence Krauss, a theoretical physicist and cosmologist, wrote on Twitter." We have lost an amazing human being."

    Hawking suffered from ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), a neurodegenerative disease also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease, which is usually fatal within a few years. He was diagnosed in 1963, when he was 21, and doctors initially gave him only a few years to live.

    The disease left Hawking wheelchair-bound and paralyzed. He was able to move only a few fingers on one hand and was completely dependent on others or on technology for virtually everything- bathing, dressing, eating, even speech.

    Hawking used a speech synthesizer that allowed him to speak in a computerized voice with an American accent.

    "I try to lead as normal a life as possible, and not think about my condition, or regret the things it prevents me from doing, which are not that many," he wrote on his website.

    "I have been lucky that my condition has progressed more slowly than is often the case, but it shows that one need not lose hope."

(Adopted from: https://edition.cnn.com/2018/03/14/health/stephen-hawking-dead/index.html (April 14, 2019))


What can we learn from Stephen Hawking?undefined undefined 

  1. Hard work will strengthen us to live our lives.undefined 

  2. Technology plays a very important role in our lives.undefined 

  3. Science can help us solve the mystery of the universe.undefined 

  4. Our success will inspire others in achieving their dreams.undefined 

  5. Physical deficiencies must not hamper us from success.undefined 

W. RF

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang benar adalah E. Physical deficiencies must not hamper us from success (Keterbatasan/cacat fisik tidak boleh menghambat kita menuju kesuksesan).undefined 

Pembahasan

Teks pada soal ini dapat dikategorikan sebagai News Item atau teks berita yang melaporkan meninggalnya ilmuwan bernama Stephen Hawking. Disini juga terdapat pertanyaan "Apa yang bisa kita pelajari dari Stephen Hawking?".

Berdasarkan teks di atas, moral cerita yang dapat diambil adalah bahwa keterbatasan fisik yang dialami Stephen Hawking tidak memengaruhi dia dalam mencapai kesuksesan sebagai seorang fisikawan terkenal. Pada akhir teks, ia juga mengatakan "I have been lucky that my condition has progressed more slowly than is often the case, but it shows that one need not lose hope."  yang jika diartikan menjadi "Saya telah beruntung bahwa kondisi saya memiliki kemajuan yang lebih lambat dari rata-rata kasus yang ada, tetapi itu menunjukan bahwa seseorang tidak perlu hilang harapan".

Oleh karena itu,dapat kita simpulkan bahwa Stephen Hawking adalah seorang fisikawan sukses yang terkenal, yang meskipun ia memiliki keterbatasan fisik, ia tidak menyerah dengan keadaannya, justru ia bangkit dengan memanfaatkan teknologi yang ada untuk membantu melengkapi kekurangannya tersebut.

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah E. Physical deficiencies must not hamper us from success (Keterbatasan/cacat fisik tidak boleh menghambat kita menuju kesuksesan).undefined 

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