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Pertanyaan

Questions 13-16 are based on the following passage.


    It can be argued that much consumer dissatisfaction with marketing strategies arises from an inability to aim advertising at only the likely buyers of a given product.

     There are three groups of consumers who are affected by the marketing process. First, there is the market segment—people who need the commodity in question. Second, there is the program target—people in the market segment with the “best fit” characteristics for a specific product. Lots of people may need trousers, but only 2 few qualify as likely buyers of very expensive designer trousers. Finally, there is the program audience—all people who are actually exposed to the marketing program without regard to whether they need or want the product.

     These three groups are rarely identical. An exception occurs occasionally in cases where customers for a particular industrial product may be few and easily identifiable. Such customers, all, sharing a particular need, are likely to form a meaningful target, for example, all companies with a particular application of the product in question, such as high-speed filers of bottles at breweries. In such circumstances, direct selling (marketing that reaches only the program target) is likely to be economically justified, and highly specialized trade media exist to expose members of the program. target—and only members of the program target—to the marketing program.

    Most consumer-goods markets are significantly different. Typically, there are many rather than few potential customers. Each represents a relatively small percentage of potential sales. Rarely do members of a particular market segment group themselves neatiy into a meaningful program target. There are substantial differences among consumers with similar demographic characteristics. Even with all the past decade's advances in information technology, direct selling of consumer goods is. rare, and mass marketing—a marketing approach that aims at a wide audience—remains the only economically feasible model. Unfortunately, there are few media that allow the marketer to direct the marketing program exclusively to the program target. Inevitably, people get exposed to a great deal of marketing for products in which they have no interest and so they become annoyed.

The author mentions “trousers” (paragraph1) most likely order to ....

The author mentions “trousers” (paragraph1) most likely order to ....

  1. make a comparison between the program target and the program audience

  2. emphasize the similarities between the market segment and the program target

  3. provide an example of the way three groups of consumers are affected by a marketing program

  4. clarfy the distinction between the market segment and the program target

  5. introduce the concept of the program audience

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D. Putri

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Jawaban terverifikasi

Jawaban

jawaban yang benar adalah D.

jawaban yang benar adalah D.

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Pembahasan

Jawaban yang benar adalah D. Soal menanyakan “Penulis menyebutkan “celana panjang” (Paragraf 1) untuk ....” Kata tersebut ada pada kalimat “ Second, there is the program target--people in the market segment with the "best fit" characteristics for a specific product. Lots of people may need trousers, but only a few qualify as likely buyers of very expensive designer trousers .” artinya “Kedua, target program—orang-orang dalam segmen pasar dengan sebutan ‘paling cocok’ dengan karakteristik produk tertentu. Banyak orang yang mungkin membutuhkan celana panjang, namun hanya sedikit yang memenuhi syarat sebagai pembeli celana panjang desainer yang sangat mahal.” Dari informasi tersebut, disimpulkan bahwa penulis menyebutkan celana panjang untuk memperjelas perbedaan segmen pasar dan target program ( clarify the distinction between the market segment and the program target ). Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah D.

Jawaban yang benar adalah D.

Soal menanyakan “Penulis menyebutkan “celana panjang” (Paragraf 1) untuk ....”

Kata tersebut ada pada kalimat “Second, there is the program target--people in the market segment with the "best fit" characteristics for a specific product. Lots of people may need trousers, but only a few qualify as likely buyers of very expensive designer trousers.” artinya “Kedua, target program—orang-orang dalam segmen pasar dengan sebutan ‘paling cocok’ dengan karakteristik produk tertentu. Banyak orang yang mungkin membutuhkan celana panjang, namun hanya sedikit yang memenuhi syarat sebagai pembeli celana panjang desainer yang sangat mahal.”

Dari informasi tersebut, disimpulkan bahwa penulis menyebutkan celana panjang untuk memperjelas perbedaan segmen pasar dan target program (clarify the distinction between the market segment and the program target).

Jadi, jawaban yang benar adalah D.

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