Question 6 and 7 are based on the following text.
The rate of deforestation has increased so much that Indonesia has for the first time surpassed Brazil in the rate of its clearance of tropical forests. The study was published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Scientists monitored the growth of deforested land in Indonesia between 2000 and 2012 using satellites. They say the land was cleared to make way for palm oil plantations and other farms. By 2012, the loss of primary forest every year in Indonesia was estimated to be higher than that in Brazil, said scientists. In that year, Indonesia lost 8,400 sq km of forest compared to Brazil which lost 4,600 sq km.
The researchers, from the University of Maryland, said that deforestation had led to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions and a loss of biodiversity. Indonesia has 10% of the world's plants and 12% of the world's mammals. It is known for its diverse wildlife which includes orangutans and Sumatran tigers.
Indonesia has set a bold target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, mainly from the forest and land use sectors. A government moratorium on deforestation was signed in 2011 and was intended to slow down the pace of deforestation. In addition to Indonesia's emissions reduction commitment and deforestation moratorium, major palm oil companies have taken steps to slow this trend. Norway supports the Government of Indonesia's efforts to realize its commitment. Norway committed up to 1 billion USD to support Indonesian efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation of forests and peat. Besides, Norway has provided technical and financial support through the bilateral cooperation, multilateral institutions and civil society organizations. Since then, Indonesia has taken decisive action to reduce Its forest and peat related greenhouse gas emissions.
SOAL STANDAR SBMPTN 2020
The word 'they' in paragraph 1 refers to ....
the rate of deforestation
Terjemahan soal yaitu, "Kata 'they' pada paragraf 1 merujuk pada ....".
Kutipan teks yang berkaitan dengan soal ini adalah sebagai berikut:
"Scientists monitored the growth of deforested land in Indonesia between 2000 and 2012 using satellites. They say the land was cleared to make way for palm oil plantations and other farms." (Paragraf 1)
(Para ilmuwan memantau pertumbuhan lahan gundul di Indonesia antara tahun 2000 dan 2012 menggunakan satelit. Mereka mengatakan tanah itu dibuka untuk membuka jalan bagi perkebunan kelapa sawit dan pertanian lainnya.)
Berdasarkan informasi tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa they pada kalimat tersebut merujuk pada kata Scientists .
Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah A. scientists.
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Questions 57-60 are based on the following passage. Ingestion of plastic pollution in the marine environment first drew attention in the 1970s with numerous reports of plastics found in seabirds...
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