Most people agree that the family planning programme is desirable for the good of the family and society. But individuals and religious groups differ sharply on the methods of birth control that they consider moral and acceptable.
Couples that practice birth control do so for various reasons. They may want to limit or space their children, or to have no children at all. Young couples often postpone having children so that both partners can work full-time. Other couples space their children so they can give each as much attention as possible. Some women are advised by their doctors to avoid pregnancy for health reasons. In many countries with rapidly growing populations, the government encourages couples to limit the number of their families.
Even though birth control has gained in acceptance, opposition to the practice is continuous. Some people fear that birth control encourages sexual outside marriage or that government might impose birth control. Some religious groups oppose birth control on moral grounds.
Some religious groups teach that artificial methods of birth control are immortal because they separate the purpose of intercourse in marriage-conjugal love and the procreation of children. Although they oppose all artificial birth control, they consider natural family planning to be acceptable.
Some religious groups refuse to use ... birth control because of moral values.
Berdasarkan kalimat “Some religious groups teach that artificial methods of birth control are immoral...” yang terdapat pada kalimat pertama di paragraf ke-3, dapat diketahui bahwa metode kontrol kelahiran yang ditolak oleh kelompok relijius adalah yang ‘artificial’ atau ‘buatan manusia’ sehingga pilihan jawaban (B) adalah yang paling tepat.
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