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In addition to inactive and unsupportive environment, genes and family history also contribute to overweight and obesity cases. Studies of identical twins who have been raised apart how that genes have a strong influence on a person's weight. Overweight of obesity tend to run in families. Your chances of being overweight are greater if one or both of your parents one overweight or obese. Your genes also may affect the amount of fat you store in your body and where on your body you carry the extra fat. Because families also share food and physical activity habits, a link exists between genes and the environment. Children adopt the habits of their parents. A child who has overweight parents who eat high-calorie foods and are inactive will likely become overweight too. However, if the family adopts healthy food and physical activity habits, the child's chance of being overweight or obese is reduced. Some hormone problems may also cause overweight and obesity, such as underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), Cushing's syndrome and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Underactive thyroid is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Lack of thyroid hormone will slow down your metabolism and cause weight gain. Cushing's syndrome is a condition in which the body's adrenal glands make too much of the hormone cortisol. People who have Cushing's syndrome gain weight have upper-body obesity, a rounded face, fat around the neck and thin arms and legs. PCOS is a condition that affects about 5-10 percent of women of childbearing age. Women who have PCOS often are obese, have excess hair growth and have reproductive problems and other health issues. These problems are caused by high levels of hormones called androgens. Certain medicines may cause you to gain weight. These medicines include some corticosteroids, antidepressants, and seizure medicines, which can slow the rate at which your body burns calories, increase your appetite, or cause your body to hold on to extra water. All of these factors can lead to weight gain. (Adapted form:https//ww.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/causes) What is the best summary of the passage?

Pertanyaan

In addition to inactive and unsupportive environment, genes and family history also contribute to overweight and obesity cases. Studies of identical twins who have been raised apart how that genes have a strong influence on a person's weight. Overweight of obesity tend to run in families. Your chances of being overweight are greater if one or both of your parents one overweight or obese. Your genes also may affect the amount of fat you store in your body and where on your body you carry the extra fat. Because families also share food and physical activity habits, a link exists between genes and the environment. Children adopt the habits of their parents. A child who has overweight parents who eat high-calorie foods and are inactive will likely become overweight too. However, if the family adopts healthy food and physical activity habits, the child's chance of being overweight or obese is reduced.

Some hormone problems may also cause overweight and obesity, such as underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), Cushing's syndrome and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Underactive thyroid is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Lack of thyroid hormone will slow down your metabolism and cause weight gain. Cushing's syndrome is a condition in which the body's adrenal glands make too much of the hormone cortisol. People who have Cushing's syndrome gain weight have upper-body obesity, a rounded face, fat around the neck and thin arms and legs. PCOS is a condition that affects about 5-10 percent of women of childbearing age. Women who have PCOS often are obese, have excess hair growth and have reproductive problems and other health issues. These problems are caused by high levels of hormones called androgens.

Certain medicines may cause you to gain weight. These medicines include some corticosteroids, antidepressants, and seizure medicines, which can slow the rate at which your body burns calories, increase your appetite, or cause your body to hold on to extra water. All of these factors can lead to weight gain.

(Adapted form:https//ww.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/causes)

What is the best summary of the passage?

  1. Hormones and medicines are other factors causing overweight and obesity cases. When there is not enough thyroid hormone produced the process of metabolism becomes slow, which then increases one's weight. Problematic body weight also occurs when there is too much cortisol and high level of androgens

  2. Genes and family history are also the risk factors of overweight and obesity. Genes determines the mechanism of fat storing in one's body. Children will become overweight or obese if their parents do not have the habit of consuming healthy food and regular exercises. There is a link between family habit and overweight and obesity cases in children

  3. Other causes of overweight and obesity conditions are hormonal condition and certain kinds of medicines. Lack of thyroid hormone, too much homone cortisol and high level of androgens lead to problems in one's body weight. Medicines that can cause overweight and obesity cases are corticosteroids, antidepressants and seizure

  4. Four other causes of overweight and obesity cases are genes, family history, hormones and medicines. Genes influence the mechanism of fat storing in one's body as well as the part of the body in which fat is stored. It is more likely that children adopt things practised in their family. So when parents apply a healthy lifestyle, the children may apply the same lifestyle

  5. A part from lack of physical activities and healthy life environment, other causes of overweight and obesity cases are genes, family history, hormones and medicines. Genes influences how much fat is stored in one's body. Parents whose lifestyle leads to overweight and obesity conditions will probably have children with the same habit. Certain hormonal condition and certain kinds of medicines also create problems leading to overweight and obesity cares

N. Supriyaningsih

Master Teacher

Jawaban terverifikasi

Pembahasan

Ringkasan sebuah teks harus mencakup semua gagasan yang ada dalam teks tersebut. Gagasan utama masing-masing paragraf pada teks tersebut terdapat pada kalimat pertamanya. Gagasan utama paragraf pertama "selain gaya hidup yang kurang aktif dan lingkungan yang tidak mendukung (kurang sehat), gen dan riwayat keluarga juga memiliki pengaruh terhadap masalah kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas." Gagasan paragraf kedua "beberapa masalah hormon juga bisa menyebabkan kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas". Gagasan utama paragraf  ketiga "obat tertentu juga bisa menyebakan berat badan kamu naik". Ringkasan teks harus mencakup semua gagasan utama tersebut. Maka jawaban yang tepat adalah (E) A part from lack of physical activities and healthy life environment, other causes of overweight and obesity cases are genes, family history, hormones and medicines. Genes influences how much fat is stored in one's body. Parents whose lifestyle leads to overweight and obesity conditions will probably have children with the same habit. Certain hormonal condition and certain kinds of medicines also create problems leading to overweight and obesity cares artinya "selain kurangnya aktivitas fisik dan lingkungan hidup yang sehat, penyebab lain dari kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas adalah gen, riwayat keluarga, hormon dan obat-obatan. Gen mempengaruhi jumlah lemak yang tertimbun dalam tubuh seseorang. Orang tua yang gaya hidup menyebabkan terjadinya kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas kemungkinan akan memiliki anak dengan kebiasaan yang sama. Kondisi hormonal dan jenis obat tertentu juga menyebabkan masalah yang menimbulkan masalah kelebihan berat badan dan obesitas.

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