How Chocolate is made:

Have we wondered how we get chocolate from? Well this time we will enter the amazing world of chocolate so we can understand exactly how chocolate is made.

Chocolate is taken from a tree called cacao tree. This tree grows in equatorial regions, especially in places such as South America, Africa, and Indonesia. The cacao tree produces a fruit about size of small pine apple. Inside the fruits are the tree's seeds. They are also known as coco beans.

Next, the beans are fermented for about a week, dried in the sun. After that they shipped to the chocolate maker. The chocolate makers work by roasting the beans to bring out the flavour. The beans from different places have different qualities and flavour. So they are often sorted and blended to produce a distinctive mix.

The next process is winnowing. The roasted beans are winnowed to remove the meat nib of cacao bean from its shell. Then the nibs are blended. The blended nibs are grinds to make liquid. The liquid is called chocolate liquor. It tastes bitter.

All seeds contain some amount of fat and cacao beans are not different. However, cacao beans are half fat. It is pure bitter chocolate.

"After that they are shipped to the chocolate maker."(paragraph 3)

The underline word is closest in meaning to ....

  1. exported

  2. delivered

  3. chosen

  4. sorted


  5. sold

Y. Yuli.Widya

Master Teacher

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Kata “shipped” dalam kalimat tersebut memiliki makna kontekstual ‘dikirim’ dengan moda transportasi apapun, tidak secara harfiah atau literal sehingga pilihan jawaban (E) adalah yang paling tepat. Pilihan jawaban (A) salah karena artinya ‘dibayar’, (B) salah karena artinya ‘disuling’, (C) salah karena artinya ‘diberangkatkan dengan kapal/pesawat/kereta api’, dan (D) salah karena artinya ‘dilayarkan dengan kapal’.


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