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 Grasshoppers belong to insect. They are typically ground-dweling insects with powerful hind legs which enable them to escape from threats by leaping vigorously. At high population densities and under certain environmental conditions, some grasshopper species can change colour and behavior and form swarms. Under these circumstances they are known as locusts.

Grasshoppers are plant-eaters, sometimes becoming serious pests of cereals, vegetables and pasture, especially when they swarm in their millions as locuts and destroy crops over wide areas. They protect themselves from predators by camouflage; when detected, many species attempt to startle the predator with a brilliantly-coloured wing-flash while jumping and (if adult) lauching themselves intothe air, usually flying for only a short distance. Other species such as the rainbow grasshopper have warning coloration which deters predators. Grasshoppers are affected by parasites and various diseases, and many predatory creatures feed on both nymphs and adults. The eggs are the subject of attack by parasitoids and predators.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grasshopper,02/08/2016, 22:00

Why are grasshoppers sometimes becoming serious pests? Beacuse they ....

  1. can change colour and behavior and form swarms

  2. are affected by parasites and various diseases 

  3. are referred to as short-horned grasshopper 

  4. can destro crops over wide areas 

T. Tuawapat

Master Teacher

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Pembahasan

Alasan belalang dianggap sebagai jenis hama yang serius bagi tanaman dapat terlihat pada kalimat “Grasshoppers are plant-eaters, sometimes becoming serious pests of cereals, vegetables and pasture, especially when they swarm in their millions of locusts and destroy crops over wide areas.”, yang memiliki arti bahwa belalang adalah pemakan tumbuhan, kadang-kadang mereka menjadi hama yang serius bagi sereal, sayuran, dan padang rumput, terutama ketika mereka berkerumun dalam kumpulan jutaan belalang dan menghancurkan tanaman di wilayah yang luas. Maka pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah (D) ‘can destroy crops over wide areas’ atau ‘dapat merusak tanaman di wilayah yang luas’

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