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Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) — Astronomer and Scien...

Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) — Astronomer and Scientist. Galileo developed a superior telescope and made many significant discoveries in astronomy. He was sentenced to life imprisonment by the inquisition for his support for the Copernican theory that the sun was at the centre of the solar system.

Galileo was born in Florence, Italy in 1564 to a poor but noble family. His parents recognised their child's innate intelligence and talents and so made sacrifices to have him educated. At his father's insistence, Galileo studied the profitable career of medicine. But, at the University of Pisa, Galileo became fascinated in a wide range of subjects. He was also critical of many of Aristotle's teaching which had dominated education for the past 2,000 years.

Galileo was appointed to be a mathematics professor at the University of Pisa, but his strident criticisms of Aristotle left him isolated among his contemporaries. After three years of persecution, he resigned and went to the University of Padua, where he taught maths. His entertaining lectures attracted a large following and he was able to spend the next 18 years pursuing his interests in astronomy and mechanics.

From the fact that Galileo Galilei was imprisoned for supporting the Copernican theory, which later was proven to be true, we know that Galileo Galilei was ....

  1. reckless

  2. stubborn

  3. tenacious

  4. arrogant

  5. foolish

Jawaban:

Berdasarkan teks di atas, dapat diketahui bahwa Galileo merupakan seseorang yang teguh pada pendiriannya. Ia memiliki pemahamannya sendiri yang bertentangan dengan teori dari Aristoteles. Teori yang ia anggap benar adalah ‘Copernican Theory’ atau ‘Teori Copernican’. Dalam teks di atas dapat diketahui bahwa ia dianiaya dan dipenjara karena teorinya tersebut, namu ia tetap teguh pada pendiriannya bahwa teori tersebut benar adanya dan memang terbukti  beberapa tahun kemdudian. Dari informasi tersebut pilihan jawaban yang tepat untuk menggambarkan Galileo adalah (C) yaitu ‘tenacious’ yang memiliki arti ‘gigih’. Pilihan jawaban (A) salah karena ‘reckeless’ memiliki arti ‘sembrono’. Jawaban (B) salah karena ‘stubborn’ memiliki arti ‘keras kepala’ yang memiliki konotasi yang negative. Jawaban (D) salah karena ‘arrogant’ memiliki arti ‘sombong’ dan jawaban (E) salah karena ‘foolish’ memiliki arti ‘bodoh’.

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