Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the box.
If you have an opportunity to go to Paris one day, please visit Louvre Museum (French Musée du Louvre), official name Great Louvre. It is a national museum and an art gallery of France, housed in part of a large palace in Paris that was built on the right-bank site of the 12th-century fortress of Philip Augustus. It is the world's most-visited art museum, with a (1) ____ that spans work from ancient civilizations to the mid-19th century. If you go there, you'd better stay until nightfall and don't forget to bring your best camera. You'll see an awesome view of the museum. So, if you can stay up late, you should take as many photos as you like. They will become your unforgettable memory.
In 1546 Francis I, who was a great art collector, had this old castle (2) ____ and began to build on its site another royal residence, the Louvre, which was added to by almost every subsequent French monarch. Under Francis I, only a small portion of the present Louvre was completed, under the architect Pierre Lescot. This original section is today the southwestern part of the Cour Carrée.
The Louvre building complex underwent a major remodeling in the 1980s and '90s in order to make the old museum more (3) ____ and accommodating to its visitors. To this end, a (4) ____ underground complex of offices, shops, exhibition spaces, storage areas, and parking areas, as well as an auditorium, a tourist bus depot, and a cafeteria, was (5) ____ underneath the Louvre's central courtyards of the Cour Napoléon and the Cour du Carrousel. So, if you want to enjoy the exhibition items, just go down. If you don't want to get lost, you should ask officers or people around for the direction. The ground-level entrance to this complex was situated in the center of the Cour Napoléon and was (6) ____ by a controversial steel-and-glass pyramid designed by the American architect I.M. Pei. The underground complex of support facilities and public amenities was opened in 1989. In 1993, on the museum's 200th anniversary, the rebuilt Richelieu wing, formerly (7) ____ by France's Ministry of Finance, was opened; for the first time, the entire Louvre was (8) ____ to museum purposes.
The Louvre's painting collection is one of the (9) ____ in the world, representing all periods of European art up to the Revolutions of 1848. (Works painted after that date that the Louvre once housed were transferred to the Musée d'Orsay upon its opening in 1986.) The Louvre's collection of French paintings from the 15th to the 19th century is unsurpassed in the world, and it also has many (10) ____ by Italian Renaissance painters, including Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa (c. 1503-19), and works by Flemish and Dutch painters of the Baroque period.
If you enjoy the collections, don't try to touch even one-of them. It's prohibited.
(Adopted from: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Louvre·Museum (April 20, 2019))
Pembahasan ini untuk bagian rumpang nomor 5.
Kalimat dimana rumpang nomor 5 ini berada adalah, "To this end, a (4) ____ underground complex of offices, shops, exhibition spaces, storage areas, and parking areas, as well as an auditorium, a tourist bus depot, and a cafeteria, was (5) ____ underneath the Louvre's central courtyards of the Cour Napoléon and the Cour du Carrousel".
Terjemahan dari semua pilihan jawaban dan kategorinya berdasarkan jenis katanya antara noun (kata benda), verb (kata kerja), atau adjective (kata sifat) adalah sebagai berikut:
occupied (v) = ditempati/terisi
razed (v) = dihancurkan
collection (n) = koleksi
vast (adj) = luas
masterpieces (n) = mahakarya (jamak dari masterpiece)
richest (adj) = terkaya
placed (v) = ditempatkan
constructed (v) = dibangun
crowned (v) = dimahkotai
devoted (v) = dikhususkan
excellent (adj) = luar biasa
accessible (adj) = dapat diakses/mudah diakses
Jika kalimat ini dilihat dengan lebih teliti lagi, kata “was” ini mengacu ke kata "underground complex", karena kata-kata setelahnya yakni "offices, shops.." dan seterusnya hanya mendaftarkan tempat-tempat apa saja yang ada di underground complex. Jadi, secara lebih sederhana, kata-kata yang menyertai rumpang bisa dibaca sebagai “underground complex was (5)____ underneath the Louvre’s central courtyards...", yang artinya “kompleks bawah tanah telah (5)____ dibawah halaman tengah the Louvre...” .
Selanjutnya, karena rumpang berada setelah kata “was” yang menunjukkan past tense dan sebelum kata "underneath” yang merupakan sebuah preposition, hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa rumpang adalah verb.
Lalu, seperti yang bisa dilihat dari pilihan kata-kata, ada 6 pilihan verb. Kata yang paling tepat dengan konteks underground complex (yang merupakan sebuah tempat) ini adalah "constructed" yang artinya "dibangun". Meskipun kata “placed” juga kelihatannya bisa digunakan, namun kata "constructed" lebih tepat dengan konteks the Louvre yang sedang di renovasi secara sekala besar, seperti yang sudah ketahui dari kalimat sebelumnya.
Jadi, jawaban yang tepat untuk rumpang nomor 5 adalah "constructed".
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