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Pertanyaan

Diketahui: Buatlah fungsi permintaan [Qd = f (P)] dan fungsi penawaran [Qs = f (P)] dengan keempat cara yang saudara ketahui !

Diketahui:

  

Buatlah fungsi permintaan [Qd = f (P)] dan fungsi penawaran [Qs = f (P)] dengan keempat cara yang saudara ketahui ! space 

  1. ... space 

  2. ... space 

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R. Rachman

Master Teacher

Mahasiswa/Alumni UIN Syarif Hidayatullah

Jawaban terverifikasi

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Pembahasan

Mencari Fungsi Permintaan Mencari Fungsi Penawaran

Mencari Fungsi Permintaan

begin mathsize 14px style table attributes columnalign right center left columnspacing 0px end attributes row blank blank cell fraction numerator straight P space minus space straight P subscript 1 over denominator straight P subscript 2 space minus space straight P subscript 1 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator straight Q subscript straight d space minus space straight Q subscript straight d 1 end subscript over denominator straight Q subscript straight d 2 end subscript space minus space straight Q subscript straight d 1 end subscript end fraction fraction numerator straight P space minus space 0 over denominator 20 space minus space 0 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator straight Q subscript straight d space minus space 200 over denominator 160 space minus space 200 end fraction fraction numerator straight P space minus space 0 over denominator 20 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator straight Q subscript straight d space minus space 200 over denominator negative 40 end fraction minus 40 space left parenthesis straight P space minus space 0 right parenthesis space equals space 20 space left parenthesis straight Q subscript straight d space minus space 200 right parenthesis minus 40 straight P space equals space 20 straight Q subscript straight d space minus space 4.000 minus 40 straight P space plus space 4.000 space equals space 20 straight Q subscript straight d fraction numerator negative 40 straight P space plus space 4.000 over denominator 20 end fraction equals straight Q subscript straight d minus 2 straight P space plus space 200 space equals space straight Q subscript straight d end cell end table end style 

Mencari Fungsi Penawaran

begin mathsize 14px style table attributes columnalign right center left columnspacing 0px end attributes row blank blank cell fraction numerator straight P space minus space straight P subscript 1 over denominator straight P subscript 2 space minus space straight P subscript 1 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator straight Q subscript straight s space minus space straight Q subscript straight s 1 end subscript over denominator straight Q subscript straight s 2 end subscript space minus space straight Q subscript straight s 1 end subscript end fraction fraction numerator straight P space minus space 0 over denominator 20 space minus space 0 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator straight Q subscript straight s space minus space left parenthesis negative 40 right parenthesis over denominator 0 space minus space left parenthesis negative 40 right parenthesis end fraction fraction numerator straight P space minus space 0 over denominator 20 end fraction space equals space fraction numerator straight Q subscript straight s space plus 40 over denominator 40 end fraction 40 space left parenthesis straight P space minus space 0 right parenthesis space equals space 20 space left parenthesis straight Q subscript straight s space plus space 40 right parenthesis 40 straight P space equals space 20 straight Q subscript straight s space plus space 800 40 straight P space minus space 800 space equals space 20 straight Q subscript straight s fraction numerator 40 straight P space minus space 800 over denominator 20 end fraction equals straight Q subscript straight s 2 straight P space minus space 40 space equals space straight Q subscript straight s end cell end table end style space 

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Diketahui fungsi permintaan P = 1.000 – 2Q dan fungsi penawaran P = 400 + 2Q. Terhadap barang ini dikenakan pajak sebesar Rp. 1.00 perunit. b. Tentukan pajak yang ditanggung konsumen

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